Have you tried meditation and felt it wasn’t for you? If the answer is yes, don’t despair, you may simply have selected a method that did not match your profile.
A new study published online in EXPLORE: The Journal of Science and Healing discusses the importance of ensuring that new meditators select methods with which they are most comfortable, rather than those that are most popular.
If they do, they are likely to stick with it, says Adam Burke, the author of the study. If not, there is a higher chance they may abandon meditation altogether, losing out on its myriad personal and medical benefits.
“Because of the increase in both general and clinical use of meditation, you want to make sure you’re finding the right method for each person,” he said.
Despite the surge in meditation practice, very few studies have compared multiple methods head to head to examine individual preference or specific clinical benefits.
To better understand user preference, Burke compared four popular meditation methods — Mantra, Mindfulness, Zen and Qigong Visualization — to see if novice meditation practitioners favored one over the others.
In the study, 247 participants were taught each method and asked to practice at home and, at the end of the study, evaluate which they preferred.
The two simpler methods, Mantra and Mindfulness, were preferred by 31 percent of study participants. Zen and Qigong had smaller but still sizable contingents of adherents, with 22 percent and 14.8 percent of participants preferring them, respectively.
Researchers say the results show the value of providing new practitioners a simpler, more accessible method of meditation.
But they also emphasize that no one technique is best for everyone, and even less common methods are preferred by certain people. Older participants, who grew up when Zen was becoming one of the first meditation techniques to gain attention in the U.S., in particular were more likely to prefer that method.
“It was interesting that Mantra and Mindfulness were found to be equally compelling by participants despite the fact that they are fundamentally different techniques,” Burke said.
Currently, the mindfulness meditation technique enjoys widespread popularity, and is often the only one with which a novice practitioner or health professional is familiar. Not surprisingly, Mindfulness was the method most preferred by the youngest participants.
“If someone is exposed to a particular technique through the media or a health care provider, they might assume because it’s popular it’s the best for everyone,” Burke said.
“But that’s like saying because a pink dress or a blue sport coat is popular this year, it’s going to look good on everybody. In truth, different people like different things. One size does not fit all.”
Being comfortable and content with a technique is critical for success.
If an individual is not comfortable with a specific method for any reason they may be less likely to continue meditating and would lose out on such benefits as reduced stress, lower blood pressure or even treatment for addiction, says Burke.
Burke hopes to see more comparative meditation studies, especially to determine if particular methods are better at addressing specific health issues, such as addiction.
If that’s the case, he said, healthcare professionals would be able to guide patients toward techniques that will be most effective for them.
Finally, as the practice of meditation grows in popularity, studies are also needed to determine if there is a way to predict which method will be best suited for any particular individual.
Source: San Francisco State University