Canadian experts have published a comprehensive review of the most effective treatments for alcohol dependence. As in the U.S., alcohol dependence is one of the most prevalent addictions in Canada.
Scientists from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) have published their review of the literature in the Canadian Journal of Psychiatry.
Researchers believe the reviews will aid decision-makers and practitioners who fund or deliver treatment and support services.
The papers include the following topics:
- Using medication to treat drinking problems: In this paper, Dr. Bernard Le Foll discusses the effectiveness of common medication therapies available for problem alcohol use. Expert opinion suggests effective medications are under-used despite their usefulness.
- Psychosocial treatment for alcohol dependence: Dr. Jürgen Rehm and colleagues report that cognitive-behavioral therapies, motivational therapy and brief interventions have the strongest research evidence for effectiveness. However, improvd consistency of care is necessary to optimize positive outcomes.
- The societal burden of not treating alcoholism: Dr. Brian Rush discusses that on a population level, treatment and support can have an impact in reducing the burden to society and costs incurred by the criminal justice and healthcare systems.