A new study reports that training physicians in mindfulness meditation and communication skills can improve the quality of care.
After the training, University of Rochester Medical Center researchers found that both primary care practitioners and their patients report that they believed care was improved. The findings are published online in the journal Academic Medicine.
Researchers also suggest that physicians can benefit from a better sense of community and having time for personal growth and enrichment.
“Programs focused on personal awareness and self-development are only part of the solution,” the researchers stated.
“Our health care delivery systems must implement systematic change at the practice level to create an environment that supports mindful practice, encourages transparent and clear communication among clinicians, staff, patients, and families, and reduces professional isolation.”
Study authors believe that medical educators can do a better job at supporting self-awareness programs while also promoting role models. This can be accomplished by having preceptors and attending physicians who exemplify mindful practice in action.
The Academic Medicine article, which will be published in the journal’s June print edition, is a follow-up to a study by the researchers published in the Journal of the American Medical Association in 2009.
That study found that mindfulness meditation and communication training can alleviate the psychological distress and burnout experienced by many physicians and can improve their well-being.
The first study involved 70 physicians from the Rochester, N.Y., area. The physicians participated in training that involved eight intensive weekly sessions that were 2 ½ hours long, an all-day session and a maintenance phase of 10 monthly 2 ½-hour sessions.
For the current report, the researchers conducted in-depth interviews with 20 of the physicians who participated in the mindfulness training program.
The findings in the new study include:
- For 75 percent of the physicians, sharing personal experiences from medical practice with colleagues was one of the most meaningful outcomes of the program;
- A nonjudgmental atmosphere helped participants feel emotionally safe enough to pause, reflect, and disclose their complex and profound experiences, which, in turn, provided reassurance that they were not alone in their feelings;
- Sixty percent reported that learning mindfulness skills improved their capacity to listen more attentively and respond more effectively to others at work and home;
- More than half of the participants acknowledged having increased self-awareness and better ability to respond non-judgmentally during personal or professional conversations;
- Seventy percent placed a high value on the mindfulness course having an organized, structured, and well-defined curriculum that designated time and space to pause and reflect—not something they would ordinarily consider permissible;
- Participants also described the personal struggles they have with devoting time and energy toward self-care despite acknowledging its importance.
The researchers have developed and implemented required mindful practice curricula for medical students and residents at the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry. They also are studying the effects of an intensive, four-day residential course for physicians.
Source: University of Rochester