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Women Experience Sleep Disorders 40% More Than Men

More than 1 in 5 Americans suffer from a sleep disorder, a condition that has significant health and financial impact.

During a recent conference on the topic, Michael J. Twery, Ph.D., Director of the National Center on Sleep Disorders Research, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health (NIH), explained that shift work, long work hours, and untreated and chronic sleep disorders are major contributors to America’s sleep deficiency.

Unknown to many is the fact that sleep disorders are more widely reported in women than men with women 1.4 times more likely to experience insomnia than men.

Sleep disorders “affect all racial groups and genders,” said Twery. They “increase the risk of stroke, cardiovascular disease, mortality, hypertension, and obesity.” Sleep controls our memory filters, affects our dreams, inspirations, and emotional responses, so not getting enough can be very detrimental to our health.

Helene A. Emsellem, M.D., said pregnancy can influence sleep patterns because of different hormonal levels in different trimesters. As a result, pregnancy can either increase or decrease sleepiness, and raises the risk of Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) in the third trimester. However, Emsellem noted “35-40 percent of menopausal women report sleep problems as well.”

Emsellem explains that a lack of sleep causes cognitive impairment, difficulty focusing, impaired memory, delayed visual reaction time, and impaired motor function.

Men and women should set aside the requisite 7-9 hours for sleep to maintain high cognitive function and motor abilities. Emsellem suggests exercise, maintaining a regular sleep schedule, and other healthy lifestyle habits to help fall and stay asleep.

Ronald Farkas, M.D., Ph.D., clinical team leader, Division of Neurology Products at the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) explains that the drug manufacturers must provide information on sleep drugs and dosing requirements that account for gender differences.

Farkas said, “To support FDA approval of drugs for sleep disorders (and most disorders), data is required about potential gender differences in safety and efficacy.”

For example, Zolpidem (brand name Ambien) – the most popular type of sleep drug – has a known gender difference.

It’s “known that women clear zolpidem from the body more slowly than men,” said Farkas. Because of this difference, women are prescribed a lower dose than men (1.75 mg for women vs. 3.5 mg for men).

Source: Society for Women’s Health Research (SWHR)

Women Experience Sleep Disorders 40% More Than Men

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). Women Experience Sleep Disorders 40% More Than Men. Psych Central. Retrieved on June 25, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2012/04/16/women-experience-sleep-disorders-40-more-than-men/37399.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 6 Oct 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 6 Oct 2015
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