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Positive Self-Worth Necessary for Self-Control

Positive Self-Worth Necessary for Self-ControlA new study suggests the reason many people fail in their plans to improve self-control is a lack of confidence in their current abilities. The lack of confidence leads to emotional distress when people attempt to implement their plan to achieve new goals.

For example, planning your diet won’t really help you gain self-control unless you’re feeling good about your weight in the first place.

Interestingly, the concept holds for many activities, even for plans to save money.

“Although planning tends to aid subsequent self-control for those who are in good standing with respect to their long-term goal, those who perceive themselves to be in poor goal standing are found to exert less self-control after planning than in the absence of planning,” write authors Claudia Townsend and Wendy Liu.

The authors found that making a concrete plan for implementing goals creates emotional distress for people who believe they are in poor standing with respect to their goals. This, in turn, undermines their motivation for self-regulation.

In five studies, the authors randomly assigned participants to a planning or no planning condition.

In the diet studies, the people in the planning condition were asked to plan their diet and food intake for the rest of the day, while those in the non-planning condition did not. Then all the participants were offered a snack.

In some studies, participants chose between raisins or a candy bar. In another study, the choice was between cookies or no snack at all.

“What we found was among respondents who felt good about their weight, planning led to healthier choices—choice of the healthier snack in the first case or no snack in the second choice,” the authors write.

“However, the surprising result was that among respondents who did not feel good about their weight (considered themselves overweight), those who planned were actually more likely to select the unhealthy snack in the first case or cookies in the second case.”

This effect also held true when it came to financial planning.

When they received a tax rebate, consumers who were confident in their savings were less likely to spend the rebate after planning than in the absence of planning. And people who were not confident in their spending were more likely to spend the rebate money after planning.

“Generally, people assume that planning will help for goal attainment,” the authors write. “But this research suggests that having a positive self-view is just as important, if not more so.”

The study is reported in the Journal of Consumer Science.

Source: University of Chicago Press Journals

Woman looking in a mirror photo by shutterstock.

Positive Self-Worth Necessary for Self-Control

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2018). Positive Self-Worth Necessary for Self-Control. Psych Central. Retrieved on September 28, 2020, from
Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 8 Aug 2018 (Originally: 16 Mar 2012)
Last reviewed: By a member of our scientific advisory board on 8 Aug 2018
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