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Imaging Shows How Brain Shifts Connections for Optimal Alertness

Technology Shows How Brain Stays AlertA new study uses imaging technology to show how the brain reacts to environmental cues to ensure maximal productivity.

Specifically, University of California – Davis researchers studied how the brain reconfigures its connections to minimize distractions and take best advantage of our knowledge of situations.

“In order to behave efficiently, you want to process relevant sensory information as fast as possible, but relevance is determined by your current situation,” said researcher Joy Geng, Ph.D.

For example, a flashing road sign alerts us to traffic merging ahead; or a startled animal might cue you to look out for a hidden predator.

When concentrating on a specific task, it’s helpful to reconfigure brain networks so that task-relevant information is processed most efficiently and external distractions are reduced, Geng found.

Researchers used functional magnetic resonance imaging to study brain activity in volunteers carrying out a simple test. They compared their results to mathematical models to infer connectivity between different areas of the brain.

Study participants were asked to to look for a letter “T” in a box and indicate which way it faced by pressing a button. They were also presented with a “distractor”: another letter T in a box, but rotated 90 degrees. The distractor was either similar in appearance to the target, or brightened to be more attention-getting.

Investigators discovered subjects did better in trials with an “attention-getting” distractor than a less obvious one, and lit up specific areas of the brain accordingly.

Researchers believe the new study shows that the brain doesn’t always “ramp up” to deal with the situation at hand.

Instead, it changes how traffic moves through the existing hard-wired network — rather like changing water flow through a network of pipes or information flow over a computer network — in order to maximize efficiency.

The study is found in the Journal of Neuroscience.

Source: UC Davis

Imaging Shows How Brain Shifts Connections for Optimal Alertness

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). Imaging Shows How Brain Shifts Connections for Optimal Alertness. Psych Central. Retrieved on June 23, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2012/01/13/imaging-shows-how-brain-shifts-connections-for-optimal-alertness/33646.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 6 Oct 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 6 Oct 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.