New research finds that the ubiquitous Apple iPod or MP3 player can be a serious health hazard for teens.
Investigators from Tel Aviv University said that using MP3 players at high volume puts teens at risk for early hearing loss.
The explosion of low cost, convenient, digital music players has allowed users to listen to high fidelity music virtually around the clock. One in four teens is in danger of early hearing loss as a direct result of these listening habits, said Prof. Chava Muchnik of TAU’s Department of Communication Disorders.
Muchnik and her colleagues studied teens’ music listening habits and took acoustic measurements of preferred listening levels.
The results, published in the International Journal of Audiology, demonstrate clearly that teens have harmful music-listening habits when it comes to iPods and other MP3 devices.
“In 10 or 20 years it will be too late to realize that an entire generation of young people is suffering from hearing problems much earlier than expected from natural aging,” said Muchnik.
According to experts, hearing loss caused by continuous exposure to loud noise is a slow and progressive process. People may not notice the harm they are causing until years of accumulated damage begin to take hold, Muchnik said.
Investigators warn that those who are misusing MP3 players today might find that their hearing begins to deteriorate as early as their 30s and 40s — much earlier than past generations.
In the study, researchers first followed 289 participants aged 13 to 17. They were asked to answer questions about their habits on personal listening devices (PLDs) — specifically, their preferred listening levels and the duration of their listening.
In the second stage, measurements of these listening levels were performed on 74 teens in both quiet and noisy environments. The measured volume levels were used to calculate the potential risk to hearing according to damage risk criteria laid out by industrial health and safety regulations.
The study’s findings are worrisome, said Muchnik.
Eighty percent of teens use their PLDs regularly, with 21 percent listening from one to four hours daily, and eight percent listening more than four hours consecutively. Taken together with the acoustic measurement results, the data indicate that a quarter of the participants are at severe risk for hearing loss.
Researchers say a serious concern is that current OSHA or industry-related health and safety regulations are the only benchmark for measuring the harm caused by continuous exposure to high volume noise. But there is a real need for additional music risk criteria in order to prevent music-induced hearing loss, Muchnik said.
In the meantime, she recommends that manufacturers adopt the European standards that limit the output of PLDs to 100 decibels. Currently, maximum decibel levels can differ from model to model, but some can go up to 129 decibels.
Furthermore, steps can also be taken by schools and parents, she said.
Some school boards are developing programs to increase awareness of hearing health, such as the “Dangerous Decibels” program in Oregon schools, which provides early education on the subject.
Another option is for teens to choose over-the-ear headphones instead of the ear buds that commonly come with an iPod.
In the near future, the researchers will focus on the music listening habits of younger children, including pre-teens, and the development of advanced technological solutions to enable the safe use of PLDs.
Source: Tel Aviv University