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Dyslexia Likely Unrelated to IQ

Dyslexia Likely Unrelated to IQDyslexia is a relatively common diagnosis among American children as about 5 to 10 percent of kids fit the description.

In the past, being dyslexic was a label assigned to kids who were bright, even verbally articulate, but who struggled with reading. Typically these kids scored high on IQ tests but had low reading scores.

For the kids who scored low on IQ tests and also displayed low reading skills, experts believed the reading troubles were merely a result of general intellectual limitations.

Now, a new brain-imaging study challenges this understanding of dyslexia.

“We found that children who are poor readers have the same brain difficulty in processing the sounds of language whether they have a high or low IQ,” said Massachusetts Institute of Technology neuroscientist John D. E. Gabrieli, Ph.D.

“Reading difficulty is independent of other cognitive abilities.”

This revelation could change the ways educators help all poor readers.

The findings of Gabriel and his colleagues will be published in an upcoming issue of Psychological Science, a journal published by the Association for Psychological Science.

The study involved 131 children, about 7 to 17 years old. According to a simple reading test and an IQ measure, each child was assigned to one of three groups—typical readers with typical IQs; poor readers with typical IQs; and poor readers with low IQs.

All were shown word pairs and asked whether they rhymed. Spellings didn’t indicate sound similarities. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, or fMRI, the researchers observed activity in six brain regions important in connecting print and sound.

The experts found that poor readers in both IQ groups showed significantly less brain activity in the observed areas than typical readers.

However, there was no difference in the brains of the poor readers, regardless of their IQs.

“These findings suggest the specific reading problem is the same whether or not you have strong cognitive abilities across the board,” said Gabrieli.

Researchers believe the study has important implications for both the diagnosis and education of poor readers.

While educators commonly offer reading- and language-focused interventions to bright dyslexics — to bring their reading up to the level of their expected achievement — they may want to consider such remediation for less-“smart” children.

If teachers understand that the same thing is going on in the brains of all poor readers, they may see that all those children could benefit from the same interventions.

Since it’s hard to learn much if you can’t read, that’s good news for a lot of kids.

Source: Association for Psychological Science

Dyslexia Likely Unrelated to IQ

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). Dyslexia Likely Unrelated to IQ. Psych Central. Retrieved on August 18, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2011/09/29/dyslexia-likely-unrelated-to-iq/29890.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 6 Oct 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 6 Oct 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.