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Women Increasingly At Risk for Alcohol Disorders

A review of more than 30 published studies discovers surprising trends in alcohol research, among them the increasing risk for alcohol disorders among women.

Research findings are available online and will be published in the journal Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

“The literature on alcohol consumption indicates that younger birth cohorts, especially women, are increasingly at risk for the development of alcohol use disorders,” said Katherine M. Keyes, Ph.D., first author of the study.

“Given that alcoholism among women is increasing, there is a need for specific public health prevention and intervention efforts.”

The study suggests the environment increases the risk for alcoholism.

Researchers discovered people born after World War II are more likely to binge drink and develop alcohol use disorders.For those born after the war, environmental factors include policies, laws, social norms, and availability.

Although heavy episodic drinking and development of alcoholism and/or binge drinking has increased in America, this has not been the experience in Australia and Western Europe.

The investigators note that the U.S. differs from Europe and Australia in that we have a fairly large number of people who do not drink at all, although over time, the number of non-drinkers in the U.S. is decreasing.

“The results on gender highlight the need for increasing research on the social etiology of alcohol use disorders,” noted Keyes.

“Traditionally, gender differences are explained by biological differences in the ability of the body to metabolize alcohol and other biological mechanisms. These results suggest that the magnitude of gender differences changes over time, highlighting an important role for societal factors.”

Investigators believe the review provides evidence that problem drinking among young women is increasing, an important finding for public health professionals.

Experts say that heavy drinking poses unique health and social risks for women. Because of differences in average body size, for example, a woman becomes more intoxicated than a man consuming the same quantity or alcohol.

Women who drink heavily also face a greater vulnerability to sexual violence and greater risks of chronic diseases.

Source: Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health

Women Increasingly At Risk for Alcohol Disorders

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). Women Increasingly At Risk for Alcohol Disorders. Psych Central. Retrieved on July 19, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2011/09/19/women-increasingly-at-risk-for-alcohol-disorders/29551.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 6 Oct 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 6 Oct 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.