A lot of people find their next career opportunity through the people they know.
But according to new research, this method of finding new work through social contacts works better for men than for women.
Using a national dataset of more than 12,000 people, Dr. Steve McDonald, an assistant professor of sociology at North Carolina State, and his colleagues examined the role work experience plays when people find new jobs through their social connections.
The researchers found that men who had lots of specialized work experience were often recruited into a new job through their social contacts without having to look for a job. In fact, men with this kind of experience were 12 percent more likely to find a new job through informal recruitment than they were through a formal job search.
Women, however, did not see this benefit. They were no more likely to find a job through informal recruitment than they were through a formal job search.
“The study finds that work experience is important, in large part because it helps us develop social connections that can help people learn about future job opportunities,” says McDonald.
“However, while men reap the social benefits of work experience, women do not.”
“Previously, researchers have argued that women face lower-wage payoffs than men with similar work experience because the women have fewer opportunities to develop job skills,” McDonald says. “But this study suggests that a lack of useful social connections may also be driving the gender wage gap.”
This gender disparity is especially problematic for women who are vying for high-wage, managerial jobs – because these positions are often filled through the informal recruiting process that appears to favor men. “As a result,” McDonald says, “the more that can be done to institute formal hiring practices, the closer we will be to an equitable job market.
“We need to learn more about exactly why women don’t get the same benefits from their social connections that men do,” McDonald says. “But right now, we just don’t have the long-term data we need on these social networks to fully understand this phenomenon.”
The study is to be published in a future issue of the journal Social Science Research.
Source: North Carolina State University