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Study IDs New Genetic Risk Factor for Depression

Experts believe they have discovered a previously unrecognized genetic mechanism for major depression — one which could be correctable, in the future, with medication.

Lead researcher Dr. Martin A. Kohli said that the research is important because current medications, while indispensible, have limitations as reflected by high rates of treatment resistance and side effects. The new finding may lead to options for individuals who are not currently helped by medications.

“Identification of mechanisms causing depression is pertinent for discovery of better antidepressants,” said Kohli.

While most authorities agree that depression is influence by a combination of genetic and environmental risk factors, discovering the specific genes that convey the risk has been a difficult endeavor.

Kohli and colleagues performed a stringent genome-wide association study of patients diagnosed with major depression and matched control subjects with no history of psychiatric illness.

The researchers examined the functional relevance of the genetic association between a gene labeled SLC6A15, a gene that codes for a neuronal amino acid transporter protein, and major depression. The finding was confirmed in an expanded study examining over 15,000 individuals.

The authors believe a reduced expression of this gene could increase an individual’s susceptibility to stress, leading to depression. Since the gene appears amenable or receptive to drug targeting, a new class of antidepressant drugs could eventually be developed.

The research is published in the journal Neuron.

Source: Cell Press

Study IDs New Genetic Risk Factor for Depression

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). Study IDs New Genetic Risk Factor for Depression. Psych Central. Retrieved on October 22, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2011/04/28/study-ids-new-genetic-risk-factor-for-depression/25731.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 6 Oct 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 6 Oct 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.