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Stressful Pregnancy Tied to Childhood Behavioral Problems

Stressful Pregnancy Tied to Childhood Behavioral Problems  The number of stressful events a mother experiences during pregnancy appears to be linked to an increased risk of childhood behavior problems.

Australian researchers believe the findings call for increased attention to providing community support for pregnant women experiencing stressful events.

Stressful events can include financial and relationship difficulties, a complex pregnancy, job loss and issues with other children. Major life stressors could also include a death in the family or other catastrophic events.

Lead author Monique Robinson, Ph.D., said this study is unique as the timing, amount and kinds of events that lead to poorer outcomes were analyzed. “What we have found is that it is the overall number of stresses that is most related to child behavior outcomes,” she said.

“Two or fewer stresses during pregnancy are not associated with poor child behavioral development, but as the number of stresses increase to three or more, then the risks of more difficult child behavior increase.”

According to the researchers, the number of stressful events was more important than the actual type of stress experienced. Interestingly, the timing of the stressful events, whether early or late in the pregnancy, did not appear to be associated with a specific risk.

Researchers reviewed a long-term cohort study, which recruited nearly 3,000 pregnant women and recorded life stress events experienced at 18 and 34 weeks of pregnancy, as well as collecting sociodemographic data.

The mother’s experience of life stress events and child behavioral assessments were also recorded when the children were followed-up ages 2, 5, 8, 10, and 14 years using a questionnaire called the Child Behavior Checklist.

The percentage of women with more than two stress events was 37.2%, while the percentage with six or more was 7.6%.

Robinson said the study should not make pregnant women stress further about the stress in their lives.

“These types of analyses look at overall population risk, and of course individuals can have very differing responses,” she said. “Regardless of exposure to stress in the womb, a nurturing environment after birth can provide the child with enormous potential to change their course of development. This is known as ‘developmental plasticity,’ which means that the brain can adapt and change as the child grows with a positive environment.”

Robinson said the important message is how a community supports pregnant women.

“If we think about people who lead stressful lives, they are most often linked with socioeconomic disadvantage. This research shows we should be targeting these women with support programs to ensure the stress does not negatively affect the unborn child,” she said.

Future research will seek to understand the mechanisms behind how stress in pregnancy affects the developing baby, including the impact of maternal stress hormones, attachment and parenting issues and socioeconomic factors.

Source: Research Australia

Stressful Pregnancy Tied to Childhood Behavioral Problems

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2016). Stressful Pregnancy Tied to Childhood Behavioral Problems. Psych Central. Retrieved on August 17, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2011/04/21/stressful-pregnancy-tied-to-childhood-behavioral-problems/25531.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 7 Jul 2016
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 7 Jul 2016
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.