advertisement
Home » News » Parenting » Parental Monitoring Reduces Drinking Problems in Young Adults

Parental Monitoring Reduces Drinking Problems in Young Adults

Parental monitoring of young adults’ social interactions appears to reduce alcohol-related problems.

Monitoring by the opposite-gender parent is especially important as the monitoring parent can indirectly reduce alcohol-related problems by buffering impulsiveness.

This study is one of the first to explore the link between parenting style and parental monitoring, as well as to explore the monitoring style of each parent individually, said study author Julie A. Patock-Peckham, Ph.D.

“While there’s a plethora of research showing that low parental monitoring contributes to risky behavior, very few researchers have examined the effects of parental monitoring separated out by mothers and fathers,” she said. “It’s normally measured just with the word ‘parent.'”

The study involved 581 college students from the Missouri University of Science and Technology and San Diego State University. Participating students completed a questionnaire that addressed the parenting styles of both their mothers and fathers, perceptions of mothers’ and fathers’ knowledge of their friendships and social plans, and questions about their own impulsiveness and alcohol-related problems.

Parents were classified as authoritarian (characterized by an emphasis on rules and obedience and a lack of discussion), authoritative (characterized by clear rules and instructions, but with an atmosphere of open discussion), or permissive (characterized by behaving more like a friend than a parent).

Authoritative parents were most likely to do a better job of monitoring (knowing about their child’s social life and plans), whereas permissive parents were least likely to effectively monitor their children. Surprisingly, authoritarian parents seemed to have neither an advantage nor a disadvantage in terms of monitoring.

“We expected an atmosphere of rules to play into monitoring,” said Patock-Peckham. “But our study shows that having strict house rules does not mean that emerging adults feel that parents really know about their social life or plans.”

When the researchers analyzed the data on gender and monitoring style, a distinct pattern emerged: more parental monitoring by the opposite-gender parent can indirectly reduce alcohol-related problems by buffering impulsiveness.

“It’s well known that people who are more impulsive are more likely to struggle with control over their drinking and are more likely to experience alcohol-related problems than their less impulsive counterparts,” said Patock-Peckham.

The stronger association with the opposite-gender parent was surprising, says Patock-Peckham. “People seem to think that women or girls will be OK if just their mothers are involved in their lives, and this is really showing that fathers have an impact,” she said.

The same is true for mothers having an influence over their sons. The reasons for these associations are not fully understood.

“It’s completely speculative, as this is really a new finding, but I believe it has something to do with the socialization process from one generation to the next,” she said. “Perhaps is has something to do with learning how members of the opposite gender view and value certain behaviors.”

Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs

Parental Monitoring Reduces Drinking Problems in Young Adults

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). Parental Monitoring Reduces Drinking Problems in Young Adults. Psych Central. Retrieved on November 19, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2011/03/15/parental-monitoring-reduces-drinking-problems-in-young-adults/24417.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 6 Oct 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 6 Oct 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.