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Rates of Mental Illness Little Different for LGBT Youth

Mental Disorders among LGBT Youth Researchers have determined that although the majority of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender youth do not experience mental illness, approximately one-third of the groups have attempted suicide.

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago publish their results online in the December issue of the American Journal of Public Health.

The report is the first to document the frequency of mental disorders in LGBT youth using the standard criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV).

Previous studies have relied on questionnaire-type surveys which, the authors suggest, may overestimate mental disorders in certain groups.

The UIC researchers recruited 246 ethnically diverse 16- to 20-year-old LGBT youth in Chicago and conducted structured psychiatric interviews to assess major depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, suicide attempts, and conduct disorder.

While a third of participants did meet criteria for at least one of the mental health disorders, about 70 percent of LGBT youth did not meet criteria for any mental disorders.

“One of the most important findings from our work is that most of these youth are doing very well and are not experiencing mental health problems,” said Dr. Brian Mustanski, assistant professor of psychiatry at UIC and lead author of the study.

Nearly 10 percent of study participants met criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and about 15 percent met criteria for major depression. A third had made a suicide attempt at some point in their lives, and about 6 percent had made a suicide attempt in the last year.

“The big question is, are these youth more likely to have mental disorders relative to other kids?,” said Mustanski, a clinical psychologist and director of UIC’s IMPACT Program. “And the answer to that is that it really depends on who you’re comparing them to.”

LGBT youths in the study had a higher prevalence of mental disorders than youths in national samples, but were similar to other samples of urban, racial and ethnic minority youths.

The researchers also looked at differences between sub-groups of LGBT youth to determine if bisexual youth tend to have more mental health problems than gay and lesbian youth, or if racial-minority youth experience more mental health problems than white youth.

Contrary to previous research that suggested that bisexual youth are more likely to have mental disorders than other groups, Mustanski found just the opposite. Bisexual youths had a lower prevalence of mental disorders compared with others in the study.

Source: University of Illinois at Chicago

Rates of Mental Illness Little Different for LGBT Youth

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). Rates of Mental Illness Little Different for LGBT Youth. Psych Central. Retrieved on September 22, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2010/12/02/rates-of-mental-illness-little-different-for-lgbt-youth/21399.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 6 Oct 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 6 Oct 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.