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Suicide Risk Assessment Improves

According to a new report, the method used for a suicide attempt is highly significant for the risk of subsequent successful suicide.

The knowledge may be of help in acute risk assessment following a suicide attempt.

Suicide is one of the most common causes of death among those aged 15 to 44.

Previous research has shown that those who have previously attempted to take their own lives are at a greatly increased risk of committing suicide.

Other known risk factors are psychiatric disorders and drug abuse.

The new study, which followed people who had attempted suicide, is one of the first to compare groups who used different methods for their attempted suicide.

Researchers from the Karolinska Institutet publish their findings in the British Medical Journal (BMJ).

In the article, they show that the risk of successful suicide is particularly high among those who attempted suicide by hanging, drowning, jumping from height or using firearms.

For example, suicide is six times more likely after a hanging attempt, and four times more likely after a drowning attempt, than after a poisoning attempt, which is the most common method.

The researchers also found that the risk was particularly high immediately after a hanging attempt, and that the same method was often used for both the attempted suicide and the successful suicide.

“The results may be of help in acute risk assessment following a suicide attempt,” says professor Bo Runeson, who worked on the study.

“There are a number of important factors, including psychiatric disorder and suicidal intention, but it’s important also to factor in whether the person chose a violent method when assessing the short- and long-term risk.”

The study covered almost 50,000 people hospitalized following a suicide attempt in the period 1973-82.

During the follow-up period, which ran until 2003, 12 percent of this group, or 5,740 people, successfully committed suicide.

Source: Karolinska Institutet

Suicide Risk Assessment Improves

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). Suicide Risk Assessment Improves. Psych Central. Retrieved on May 23, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2010/07/08/suicide-risk-assessment-improves/15420.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 6 Oct 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 6 Oct 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.