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Personality Profile of a Shoplifter

Personality Profile of a ShoplifterA new study has identified dimensions of personality seen in persons prone to shoplifting.

Psychologists at the University of Leicester found three personality characteristics stood out: Being male; unpleasant and antisocial; and disorganized and unreliable.

The study also found that younger and outgoing people are more likely to steal from stores or commit minor fraud.

In a paper published in the journal Personality and Individual Differences titled ‘Shoplifting, unethical consumer behaviour, and personality,’ Dr. Vincent Egan of the University of Leicester’s School of Psychology and a postgraduate student, David Taylor, revealed that a person’s inclination to shoplifting is related to their personality.

Egan says he directs his research to discover why an individual does (or does not do) antisocial things.

“When I think about the crimes people commit, I sought to explore the personalities of people who shoplift or fraudulent in commercial settings, compared to those who claim to be honest. Most forensic psychological research with criminals focuses on sexual and violent offenses, so it was interesting to think about different types of offender.”

Their findings are based on a sample of 114 shoppers, ages 16 to 80, who anonymously completed four questionnaires to measure personality, consumer ethical beliefs, attitudes to shoplifting, and demographics.

Analysis of the data found those lower in emotional stability, higher in extraversion and lower on agreeableness, conscientiousness and intellect were more accepting of unethical consumer behavior and shoplifting.

“My results suggest dishonest consumer behavior is narrowly associated with how unpleasant and disorganized you are; separate to this, people who commit fraudulent crimes associated with benefiting at the expense of the seller may simply be younger and more outgoing so carried away by the moment.”

Of the 114 sampled, 68 had never shoplifted, 30 had shoplifted more than a year ago, and 16 had shoplifted within the past year.

The active shoplifters were significantly younger than the inactive shoplifters and those who had never shoplifted. The results also found all the currently active shoplifters were male.

Egan added: “This study looked at ordinary British people visiting a large superstore. It looked at a variety of ordinary shoppers, not just those who had been convicted of shoplifting.

“We extended thinking by looking at the casual kinds of fraud some people commit. By understanding the pathways into these kinds of offenses, we can hopefully reduce them in the future.”

He notes shoplifting is a major concern within the British retail industry; according to the Centre for Retail Research, Britain tops Europe’s shoplifting league, with over £1.5 billion in shop property stolen per annum, which costs each household an additional £150.

It is hoped that these findings will lead to proactive ways to combat such criminal activity.

Source: University of Leicester

Personality Profile of a Shoplifter

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). Personality Profile of a Shoplifter. Psych Central. Retrieved on December 13, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2010/05/27/personality-profile-of-a-shoplifter/14137.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 6 Oct 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 6 Oct 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.