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No Benefit from Debriefing After School Terror

A new review fails to find evidence to support psychological debriefing in schools after traumatic events such as violence, suicides and accidental death.

The finding contradicts existing policy in many school districts.

However, immediate psychological support and cognitive behavioral therapy in the weeks after trauma are indicated.

Recent systematic reviews indicate that psychological debriefing of adults does not prevent post-traumatic stress disorder and it may even increase the risk of this disorder.

While there is little research on the effectiveness and safety of these interventions in schools.

“The evidence clearly points to the ineffectiveness of these interventions in preventing post-traumatic stress disorder or any other psychiatric disorder in adults,” write Magdalena Szumilas of the Sun Life Financial Chair in Adolescent Mental Health Team, Dalhousie University and coauthors.

However, two programs, based on the empirically supported principles of engendering feelings of safety, calmness, sense of self and community efficacy, connectedness and hope, show promise of effectiveness.

Providing psychological first aid immediately after an incident and providing cognitive behavioral support for students with persistent distress weeks after a school trauma has ended may be helpful.

They urge that psychological debriefing not be performed after traumatic incidents in schools, and that more research is needed to assess psychological and mental health interventions prior to implementation in schools.

The commentary is found in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Source: Canadian Medical Association

No Benefit from Debriefing After School Terror

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). No Benefit from Debriefing After School Terror. Psych Central. Retrieved on July 17, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2010/01/06/no-benefit-from-debriefing-after-school-terror/10579.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 6 Oct 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 6 Oct 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.