Parents who reject their gay or lesbian teen are setting the teen up for an increased risk of poorer health in their early adulthood according to new research.
Specifically, gay young adults who reported higher levels of family rejection during adolescence were more than 8 times more likely to report having attempted suicide, nearly 6 times more likely to report high levels of depression, and 3.4 times more likely to use illegal drugs or having engaged in unprotected sexual intercourse, compared with peers from families that reported no or low levels of family rejection.
The study, led by Caitlin Ryan, PhD, Director of the Family Acceptance Project and her team at the César E. Chávez Institute at San Francisco State University, shows that negative parental behaviors toward lesbian, gay or bisexual (LGB) children dramatically compromises their health.
“For the first time, research has established a predictive link between specific, negative family reactions to their child’s sexual orientation and serious health problems for these adolescents in young adulthood such as depression, illegal drug use, risk for HIV infection, and suicide attempts,” said Ryan.
The study found that Latino males reported the highest number of negative family reactions to their sexual orientation in adolescence.
“This study clearly shows the tremendous harm of family rejection, even if parents think they are well-intentioned, following deeply held beliefs or even protecting their children,” said Sten Vermund, MD, a pediatrician and Amos Christie Chair of Global Health at Vanderbilt University.
“In today’s often hostile climate for LGBT youth, it is especially important to note that both mental health issues like depression and suicide and HIV risk behaviors were greatly increased by rejection,” Dr. Vermund said.
“Given the ongoing HIV epidemic in America, in which half of all new cases of HIV are found in men who have sex with men and there is growing concern about prevention messages reaching young people, it is vital that we share these findings with parents and service providers who work with youth in every way.
“When put to practical, day-to-day use and shared with families and those who serve LGBT youth, these findings will lead to healthier, more supportive family dynamics and better lives for LGBT young people.”
The prevailing approach by pediatricians, nurses, social workers, school counselors, peer advocates and community providers has focused almost exclusively on directly serving LGBT youth, and does not consider the impact of family reactions on the adolescent’s health and well-being.
Subsequent work with ethnically diverse families by the Family Acceptance Project indicates that parents and caregivers can modify rejecting behavior once they understand the serious impact of their words and actions on their LGBT children’s health. In addition, even a little change in parental behavior appears to have a clear impact on decreasing LGBT young people’s risk.
This new family-related approach to working with LGBT youth being developed by the Family Acceptance Project engages families as allies in decreasing the adolescent’s risk and increasing their well-being while respecting the family’s deeply held values.
“We are using our research to develop a new model of family-related care to decrease the high levels of risk for LGBT young people that restrict life chances and full participation in society,” said Ryan. “Our easy-to-use behavioral approach will help families increase supportive behaviors and modify behaviors their LGBT children experience as rejecting that significantly increase their children’s risk. However, redirecting practice and professional training from not asking about family reactions to a young person’s LGBT identity to engaging families in promoting their LGBT children’s well-being requires a substantial shift on the part of both mainstream and LGBT providers, health systems and community programs.”
Source: San Francisco State University