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Negative Feedback Less Stressful Than Ambiguity

Negative Feedback Less Stressful Than AmbiguityA new study suggests some individuals would rather receive clear negative information than deal with ambiguity or uncertainty. In the study, published in Psychological Science, University of Toronto researchers examined whether people reacted more strongly to negative or to uncertain feedback.

Participants’ brain activity was measured as they completed a series of tasks and were given clear positive, clear negative or ambiguous feedback.

Study authors Jacob Hirsh and Michael Inzlicht looked at the response of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), a brain area associated with error-monitoring and conflict-related anxiety.

They found that individuals with high levels of neuroticism, a personality trait related to negative emotion and anxiety, showed stronger responses in this brain region when they were given uncertain feedback, compared to when they were given unambiguous negative feedback.

“Uncertainty can be very stressful,” says Hirsh, a doctoral student and lead author on the paper.

“What this study shows is that neurotic individuals are actually more comfortable with clear negative information than they are with uncertainty – even when the outcome of that uncertainty could be positive.

“In other words, people who are high in neuroticism appear to prefer the devil they know over the devil they don’t know.”

Source: University of Toronto

Negative Feedback Less Stressful Than Ambiguity

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). Negative Feedback Less Stressful Than Ambiguity. Psych Central. Retrieved on December 12, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2008/11/21/negative-feedback-less-stressful-than-ambiguity/3389.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 6 Oct 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 6 Oct 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.