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Meds or CBT for Panic Disorder

Why a pharmaceutical approach helps some individuals with a mental health disorder, yet fails to help others, is a salient research question.

A group of Dutch investigators describe individual characteristics which may predict the efficacy of a pharmaceutical verse behavioral approach for treatment of panic disorder.

Historically, beliefs about the controllability of a disorder — termed locus of control (LOC) — is often relevant in the causation, maintenance and treatment of disorders.

In this study, researchers investigated whether a patient’s belief in the type of treatment for the panic disorder could predict outcome from the treatment.

The differential effectiveness of cognitive therapy and antidepressant treatment (paroxetine or clomipramine) was investigated in a sample of 129 panic disorder patients in a 12-week, pretest posttest placebo-controlled study.

Researchers discovered a locus of control orientation (LOC) predicted the effectiveness of cognitive therapy while LOC was not a precursor to pharmaceutical effectiveness for treatment of the disorder.

Source: Psychotherapy And Psychosomatics

Meds or CBT for Panic Disorder

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). Meds or CBT for Panic Disorder. Psych Central. Retrieved on October 22, 2018, from


Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 6 Oct 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 6 Oct 2015
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