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Parkinson’s and Web-Based Gambling

An article in the British Medical Journal warns that Parkinson’s disease sufferers could be adversely affected by the growth of web-based betting sites because they are more likely to become gambling addicts.

The physician author, Dr Sui Wong , says while the motor symptoms and signs of Parkinson’s disease are well recognized, the behavioral disorders, such as problem gambling, are less well known.

Parkinson’s disease is common. It is estimated to affect one in 200 people in the developed world. It is estimated that 3.5 percent of people with Parkinson’s disease are pathological gamblers.

That figure rises to 7.2 percent if they are taking drugs known as dopamine agonists. By comparison, in the general population only 1 percent of people become pathological gamblers.

Characterized by excessive betting, pathological gambling is a chronic and progressive mental disorder which can have devastating effects. Dr Wong says her patients are often secretive about their gambling and may end up thousands of pounds in debt before the problem is discovered.

The reason for the greater incidence of pathological gambling among users of dopamine agonists is unclear, says Dr Wong, as the drugs should lessen the symptoms of Parkinson’s. Many sufferers take dopamine agonists in the early stages of the disease. They work by directly stimulating the receptors in nerves in the brain which normally would be stimulated by dopamine.

Dr Wong goes on to warn about the effect easy accessibility to instant gambling on the internet could have on Parkinson’s sufferers. Nearly 5.8 million people, or one in ten online users, log onto internet gambling sites each month. This figure is expected to rise as more households connect to the internet.

Dr Wong says many internet gambling companies actively lure gamblers with pop-ups to place free-bets. This proactive marketing technique is pervasive and she warns it can make it hard for vulnerable individuals to wean off gambling.

She says “the current debate on regulating gambling is relevant to this group of patients. This provides an ideal opportunity to deal with the problem through appropriate legislation to protect a small, though highly vulnerable, group in our society.”

The complete editorial may be found at: http://press.psprings.co.uk/bmj/april/edit2104.pdf

Source: British Medical Journal

Parkinson’s and Web-Based Gambling

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). Parkinson’s and Web-Based Gambling. Psych Central. Retrieved on May 22, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2007/04/20/parkinsons-and-web-based-gambling/768.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 6 Oct 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 6 Oct 2015
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