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Schizophrenia Across Populations

Classical opinion suggests schizophrenia occurs in about 1 percent of the population and makes a more profound impact on quality of life in Western society as compared to developing countries.

A new study challenges this assumption comparing biological and cultural indicators of schizophrenia in urban, Western societies with study data from the island of Palau, which has one of the highest rates of schizophrenia diagnosis in the world today.

“A 1 percent average worldwide population prevalence of schizophrenia is routinely interpreted in the medical literature as implying a uniform distribution,” write study authors. “In this sense, the 1 percent figure is a myth that conceals considerable variability in actual prevalence between settings.”

The researchers point to the islands in Micronesia as an example of this variation. Prevalence of schizophrenia ranges from a low of 0.4% in the Marshall Islands to 1.7% in the western Republic of Palau – a more than fourfold difference. The expression of schizophrenia in Palau and greater Micronesia is also extraordinarily gendered, with rates of affliction approximately two times higher among males than among females.

“Recognizing this high variability in prevalence between populations is important,” write the researchers, “. . . Genetic perspectives tend to emphasize uniformity in prevalence and symptomatic expression while contextual sociocultural perspectives tend to emphasize variability.”

The authors combined quantitative clinical diagnostic tools – of symptoms like poor impulse control and eye-tracking – with qualitative methods such as patient interviews. Compared to a sample of New Yorkers and other similar studies in New Zealand and Scotland, their findings challenge the idea put forth by other researchers that schizophrenia in developing regions is distinct from and more benign than schizophrenia in developed regions. The researchers also dispute the common assumption that schizophrenia in developing nations is a consequence of development.

“These analyses have identified unique aspects of the expression of schizophrenia in Palau, but more striking to us are the similarities that emerge when comparing the Palauan data with research findings in [Western] settings,” the authors write.

Indeed, one of the few significant differences between the Palauan sample and the Western sample was the proportion of participants living at home. (Eighty-seven percent of the Palauan participants lived at home.) Notably, “extensive kin-based levels of support” have been cited by other researchers to explain the supposedly more benign expression of schizophrenia in developing regions.

Source: University of Chicago Press Journals

Schizophrenia Across Populations

Rick Nauert PhD

Rick Nauert, PhDDr. Rick Nauert has over 25 years experience in clinical, administrative and academic healthcare. He is currently an associate professor for Rocky Mountain University of Health Professionals doctoral program in health promotion and wellness. Dr. Nauert began his career as a clinical physical therapist and served as a regional manager for a publicly traded multidisciplinary rehabilitation agency for 12 years. He has masters degrees in health-fitness management and healthcare administration and a doctoral degree from The University of Texas at Austin focused on health care informatics, health administration, health education and health policy. His research efforts included the area of telehealth with a specialty in disease management.

APA Reference
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). Schizophrenia Across Populations. Psych Central. Retrieved on September 19, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/news/2007/03/14/schizophrenia-across-populations/687.html

 

Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 6 Oct 2015
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 6 Oct 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.