Teens have their own set of circumstances and stressors that can impact their substance abuse behaviors, thus making the need for treatment designed specifically for adolescents extremely important.
Teen addiction treatment is often as much for the adolescent as it is for the family. Because an adolescent will often return home to a parent or guardian, family therapy is a logical component of treatment and recovery.
What is Family Therapy?
Family-based approaches empower families with skills to help adolescents and adults communicate through conflict and understand any underlying causes of substance abuse or co-occurring disorders. These types of therapy models are rooted in the belief that each family member has a role in the family system, and that one individual’s substance abuse affects the whole family.
Family therapy can be offered in residential and outpatient rehabilitation programs. It’s also often used in conjunction with other forms of therapy. The adolescent may attend individual or group therapy sessions with others in treatment, along with family therapy.
Here are some common models of family therapy that may be a part of an adolescent’s treatment and recovery program.
Types of Family-Based Approaches
While all family focused therapies are rooted in the belief that substance abuse impacts the whole family, each therapy has its own approach.
Behavioral therapies are very common in addiction treatment for adolescents. Family Behavioral Therapy (FBT) helps those in treatment develop coping skills against substance use triggers, but also teaches how to deal with co-occurring disorders. If your teen is in dual diagnosis treatment for drug use and depression, for example, FBT may be a viable treatment option.
This therapy also rewards positive behavior during each session. If behavioral goals are met, the addiction counselor may use contingency management to reinforce behavior.