The connection between complexes and archetypes is one way that the personal unconscious links to the objective psyche. The objective psyche where archetypes reside is more than a mere repository of ancient stories, or myths. Many believe that it is a larger, living intelligence. Others find such evidence in transpersonal experiences, such as paranormal perceptions or visions during dreams, and in synchronicities, paranormal perceptions, and visions while awake.

Many in Western technological culture reject the possibility of paranormal or psychic perception because accepting such a possibility seems to contradict scientific models of cause and effect. However, scientific theories, such as that of quantum physics, do allow for interactions of objects at a distance and independent of time. There is an extensive body of research that demonstrates with substantial statistical significance that paranormal abilities are real (see Radin, 1997).

Jung wrote of a female client who dreamed she was given a golden scarab. As she was telling him this dream, a beetle closely resembling a golden scarab knocked at the window. Jung opened the window, caught the beetle and presented it to the client. This meaningful coincidence shook up her rigid reality construct and helped start her healing process. He writes that the dream also had archetypal roots directly related to the synchronicity:

Any essential change of attitude signifies a psychic renewal which is usually accompanied by symbols of rebirth in the patient’s dreams and fantasies. The ancient Egyptian Book of What Is in the Netherworld describes how the dead sun-god changes himself at the tenth station into Khepri, the scarab, and then, at the twelfth station, mounts the barge which carries the rejuvenated sun-god into the morning sky.


  • Jung, C. G. (1954). The practical use of dream analysis. In R. F. C. Hull (Trans.), The practice of psychotherapy: Essays on the psychology of the transference and other subjects (2nd ed., paragraph 343). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  • Freud, S. (1950). The interpretation of dreams. A. A. Brill, trans. New York: Random House. (Original work published 1900)
  • This helpful tip comes from the website of the Lucidity Institute, which is a treasure trove of information about dreams and lucid dreams. Their extensive article on how to remember your dreams can be found at this link.
  • Knowledgeable readers may have seen other dream categories or definitions of types of dreams. My purpose in this article is to give a brief and readable overview. I invite you to e-mail me with any comments or suggestions of additional material for this introduction to dreamwork. You don’t have to believe in paranormal or psi abilities to benefit from dreamwork.
  • Jung, C. G. Dream analysis: Notes of the seminar given in 1928 – 1930 by C. G. Jung. (W. McGuire, ed., p. 205). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  • This differentiation is cited at (retrieved February 13, 2005) where sleep terrors are said to occur during NREM (nonrapid eye movement) sleep and nightmares occur during REM sleep.
  • From Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research, Vol. 26, 1913. Cited at, retrieved January 29, 2005.
  • For benefits of lucid dreaming, see The Lucidity Institute’s FAQ page.
  • Dr. LaBerge has written online about OBEs as an imagined perception. Dr. Tart has posted online about his view and experiments about OBEs, which were previously found at As of August 15, 2005, that website address is no longer functioning.
  • Hall, James A. (1983). Jungian dream interpretation: A handbook of theory and practice. Toronto, Canada: Inner City Books.
  • Jung, C. G. (1960). A review of the complex theory. In R. F. C. Hull (Trans.), The structure and dynamics of the psyche (pp. 92-104). New York: Pantheon Books. (Original work published 1948)
  • Jung, C. G. (1960). Synchronicity: An acausal connecting principle. In R. F. C. Hull (Trans.), The structure and dynamics of the psyche (pp. 417-531). New York: Pantheon Books. (Original work published 1952). Paragraphs 843 and 845.