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Outlawed by Your In-laws

Numerous marital problems can be traced to habitual boundary difficulties between mothers and sons which spill over into the man’s relationship with his spouse. Management of the mother-son relationship from earliest days establishes patterns and shapes the future vulnerability or resilience of a married couple around issues of loyalty and emotional security.

Laura didn’t realize until she overheard Dean’s phone conversation with his mother that he had promised Jane they would visit her in New Jersey over Labor Day. Laura became furious. After years of marriage, Dean was still giving in to his mother. If they didn’t go, Laura would get the blame.

Her mind drifted back to when they were engaged. She found herself ruminating again about the time she discovered that Dean had agreed to take his mother’s furniture to use in the bedroom (of all places) of their new house.

Laura gritted her teeth as they replayed this cycle. They both knew the lines by heart: She accuses Dean of choosing his mother over her. He gets defensive, arguing that she should know how impossible his mother can be (which is true). Dean complains that he is always in the middle of the two of them and there’s just no way for him to win.

In-law entanglements are common in marriage and take root early, leaving an imprint and becoming a potential source of ongoing friction and divide.

Dean complained of being “in the middle,” pulled at from both sides by his mother and wife. However, the truth is that his mother is positioned in the middle — between him and his wife, a dynamic which he unconsciously enabled.

To insulate marriages from damaging intrusions, a symbolic boundary must be drawn from the beginning, and reinforced over time, establishing the sanctity of the couple as a unified entity. Instead, Dean left the door to his marriage open, allowing his mother to make her way inside and come between him and his wife.

Dean had the perfect opportunity to establish this boundary when his mother wanted him to take her furniture. In choosing to go along with her, however, Dean symbolically aligned himself with his mother instead of his wife, leaving Laura on the outside, and unknowingly carving the initial split in their relationship.

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Though Dean intended to escape conflict with his mother by giving in — a method which had “worked” for him prior to Laura — instead, he ended up with more troubles. The conflict between him and his mother was simply diverted. It came back to haunt him in the form of conflict between his mother and his wife, and between Dean and his wife — problems from which there seems no escape.

The fundamental problem here is that Dean never allowed himself to “leave home” and transition his primary attachment from his mother to his wife and new family. What should he do — or have done — to guard against, and repair, the split in his marriage?

Mindfulness, courage and strategy are the tools Dean needs for the job.

He needs to be mindful of his tendency to form unconscious alliances with Jane which result in automatic, often passive, reactions driven by guilt, fear, habit, and unspoken loyalties. This step involves recognizing that he cannot trust his instinctive reactions and must be vigilant even when making seemingly innocuous decisions involving his mother.

He needs courage to take responsibility for setting limits with his mother and consciously acting in the best interest of his marriage and himself. Courage involves willingness to bear his mother’s anger, hurt, or disappointment, and perhaps his own feelings of loss or guilt.

Strategy involves figuring out ways to prepare himself to respond to his mother that establish a protective barrier and allow him to remain aligned with his wife. The practical strategy here includes active collaboration with Laura to keep her in the loop, learning to recognize danger zones, and rehearsing safe, routine ways to respond to his mother.

An example of a basic template for responding to Jane’s requests is: “Thanks — I’ll get back to you on that.” This response allows Dean some delay. Or when “no” is the answer, or setting a limit is indicated: “I don’t think that is going to work for us. We appreciate the gesture though…” (leaving out further elaboration and using calm but firm repetition when challenged). The key is for Dean to assume responsibility for declining — and refrain from attributing this decision to Laura or subtly blaming her.

The essential communication to Jane and to Laura is that Dean and his wife are an indivisible team. The consciousness and energy necessary to make these changes work may be inspired by remembering that good teamwork results in a feeling of camaraderie, a smoother-running system, and greater all-around success.

?Need more advice for dealing with your in-laws?
Check out our companion article, 12 Things You Want Your In-Laws to Know.

Outlawed by Your In-laws

Lynn Margolies, Ph.D.

Dr. Lynn Margolies is a psychologist and former Harvard Medical School faculty and fellow, and has completed her internship and post-doc at McLean Hospital. She has helped people from all walks of life with relationship, family, life problems, trauma, and psychological symptoms including depression, anxiety, and chronic conditions. Dr. Margolies has worked in inpatient, outpatient, residential and private practice settings. She has supervised others, and consulted to clinics, hospitals, universities, newspapers. Dr. Margolies has appeared in media -- on news and talk shows, and written columns for various publications. Dr. Margolies is currently in private practice in Newton Centre, MA. Visit her website at

APA Reference
Margolies, L. (2018). Outlawed by Your In-laws. Psych Central. Retrieved on September 19, 2020, from
Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 8 Oct 2018 (Originally: 17 May 2016)
Last reviewed: By a member of our scientific advisory board on 8 Oct 2018
Published on Psych All rights reserved.