Getting the Most Out of Psychotherapy
Working Within One’s Scope of Practice
In most states, a person cannot be a psychologist without completing an accredited doctoral program, doing years of supervised internship and training, and sitting for licensing exams that require long and dedicated study. But not all psychologists are therapists. Some specialize in research, others teach or provide expert witness testimony and other legal services, such as divorce mediation, some do organizational consulting, and others specialize in psychological testing.
Within these general areas are specialties. Psychologists are ethically bound to practice only within their areas of sufficient training and education. This boundary is called working within one’s scope of practice.
 For more information about what makes therapy work, see Talking Cure.
 Jung, C. G. (1961). Memories, dreams, reflections. Jaffe, A. (ed.) R. and C. Winston (trans.). New York: Vintage Books Edition, 1989.
 Michael Hoyt, Ph.D., personal communication, 2001.
 Ann Bernhardt, Ph.D., personal communication, 2002.
 I provide long-term, depth psychotherapy for clients, as needed. I am also informed by psychoanalytic theory. However, I do not do psychoanalysis, which requires years of specialized training and certification.
 Bion, Wilfred (1967). “Notes on memory and desire.” Reprinted with permission in Classics in psychoanalytic technique. Revised edition, 1991. Robert Langs, Ed. Northvale, New Jersey: Jason Aronson Inc. Original work published in Psychoanalytic Forum 2:271-280. 1967, ed. J. Lindon. A similar attitude is suggested by Carl Jung. Jung, C.G. (1946/1966) “The Psychology of the Transference.” In Jung, C.G. (1966). The practice of psychotherapy: Essays on the psychology of the transference and other subjects. 2nd ed. (R. F. C. Hull, Trans.) Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, p. 329.