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The pathological, involuntary imitation of another person’s behavior. This condition may be present in people with autism or Tourette’s syndrome, but not always.

Example: You scratch your ear and observe the patient doing the same; no matter what you do, he mechanically continues to copy your actions.

Here is a great resource about the distinction between voluntarily imitating and compulsively having to imitate: http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-echopraxia.htm

APA Reference
Fournier, G. (2016). Echopraxia. Psych Central. Retrieved on July 18, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/encyclopedia/echopraxia/