A neutral stimulus (defined as any event which does not naturally provoke a response from the test subject) which, under classical conditioning, a subject learns to associate with an unconditioned stimulus.
Example: In Pavlov’s classic dog experiments, the animals learned to associate the sound of a bell (the conditioned stimulus) with the presentation of food (the unconditioned stimulus).
Grinnell, R. (2016). Conditioned Stimulus. Psych Central. Retrieved on February 18, 2017, from https://psychcentral.com/encyclopedia/conditioned-stimulus/