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World of Psychology


Love Beats Depression for Women, Not Men

Love Beats Depression for Women, Not Men

Supportive, loving relationships offer women protection against major depression but don't seem to play a role in male depression, say researchers at Virginia Commonwealth University.

In their study of 1,000 pairs of adult, opposite-sex, fraternal twins, the Virginia team found that the female twins were more apt to fall into depression if they felt they received low levels of emotional support from spouses, parents and other relatives, compared to their...

Mother’s depression associated with increased risk of child’s antisocial behavior

Mother's depression associated with increased risk of child's antisocial behavior

Significantly higher levels of antisocial behavior were found in seven-year-old children whose mothers were depressed during the child's first five years of life, according to an article in the February issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

"Children of depressed mothers have elevated conduct problems, presumably because maternal depression disrupts the caregiving environment," according to background information in the article. Researchers have identified three possible explanations for the association between a...

While under pressure those most likely to succeed will most likely fail

While under pressure those most likely to succeed will most likely fail

New research published in the latest issue of Psychological Science finds that individuals higher in working memory capacity (HWM) are more likely to be negatively impacted by performance pressure on math tests than those lower in working memory capacity (LWM). Working memory is a short-term system that holds information relevant to performance and ensures task focus. HWMs have superior attentional allocation capacities-- more resources, which they use on a regular basis....

DHEA May Help Treat Mid-Life Depression


Treatment with the over-the-counter hormonal therapy DHEA (dehydroepiandrosterone) may be effective in treating midlife-onset minor and major depression, according to a study in the February issue of the journal Archives of General Psychiatry. DHEA, an androgen hormone produced naturally by the adrenal gland, is also classified as a neurosteroid due to its effects on the brain. DHEA is also sold in supplement form in stores throughout the United States.

Researchers at the National Institute of Mental Health studied 23 men and 23...

My Addicted Son

My Addicted Son

Nick now claims that he was searching for methamphetamine for his entire life, and when he tried it for the first time, as he says, ''That was that.'' It would have been no easier to see him strung out on heroin or cocaine, but as every parent of a methamphetamine addict comes to learn, this drug has a unique, horrific quality. In an interview, Stephan Jenkins, the singer in the band Third Eye Blind, said that methamphetamine makes you feel...

Supportive Relationships More Protective Against Risk of Major Depression for Women Than for Men

Supportive Relationships More Protective Against Risk of Major Depression for Women Than for Men

Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) researchers have found that women who feel more loved and supported by their friends, relatives and children are less at risk for major depression than men, suggesting important gender differences in the pathways leading to depression.

In the February issue of the American Journal of Psychiatry, the VCU researchers report that among approximately 1,000 adult, opposite-sex, fraternal twin pairs, the female twins reported significantly higher levels of...

Reaction Time and IQ May Predict Long Life

Reaction Time and IQ May Predict Long Life

The ancient Greeks imagined three Fates - one spun the thread of life, the second measured its length, and the third snipped it off. Science has tried to provide more plausible (if less poetic) reasons for why some of us live longer than others. Now two researchers in Scotland have made a discovery even the Greeks couldn't have imagined: Reaction time may be a core indicator of long life.

Ian Deary, University of Edinburgh, and Geoff Der,...

Suicide alert has parents rethinking antidepressants

Suicide alert has parents rethinking antidepressants

In the last three months of 2004, the rate of children who received antidepressant prescriptions fell about 16% compared with the same time the year before, Medco's analysis shows. “That 16% is a very big drop,” Medco's Glen Stettin says. “Usually, you don't see something like that unless there's a safety concern or a major competitive drug comes on the...