All the following (1–5) must be present:
- Is preoccupied with the Internet (think about previous online activity or anticipate next online session).
- Needs to use the Internet with increased amounts of time in order to achieve satisfaction.
- Has made unsuccessful efforts to control, cut back, or stop Internet use.
- Is restless, moody, depressed, or irritable when attempting to cut down or stop Internet use.
- Has stayed online longer than originally intended.
At least one of the following:
- Has jeopardized or risked the loss of a significant relationship, job, educational or career opportunity because of the Internet.
- Has lied to family members, therapist, or others to conceal the extent of involvement with the Internet.
- Uses the Internet as a way of escaping from problems or of relieving a dysphoric mood (e.g., feelings of helplessness, guilt, anxiety, depression).
From “Modification in the Proposed Diagnostic Criteria for Internet Addiction,”
Jun 2001, Vol. 4, No. 3: 377-383 by Keith W. Beard, PsyD and Eve M. Wolf, PhD.