Neuropsychology and Neurology News

Older Girls in Middle School Can Contribute to Body Image Issues

September 19th, 2014
New research finds middle schools that include fifth through eighth grades may set the stage for dissatisfied body image among younger girls. Researchers found that although the media is highly criticized for contributing to body image issues in adolescents, the source for body ...

Fighting Parents Harm Child’s Emotional Balance

September 19th, 2014
New research suggests combative parents may impair a child’s ability to recognize and control emotions. Investigators discovered the effect of protracted household tension is cumulative as prolonged exposure to marital aggression takes a substantial toll on the emotional adjustment of young children. Moreover, ...

Blood Tests Can ID Depression, Predict Best Therapy Approach

September 18th, 2014
For years, researchers have been trying to find a reliable "biomarker" for diagnosing depression. That quest may now be a reality, with the development of a blood test that provides the first objective, scientific diagnosis for depression -- and who may benefit from a ...

Brain Scans to Screen for Potential Reading Problems

September 17th, 2014
Reading problems are slow to detect often setting children back and placing them at a disadvantaged position during critical school years. In a new study, University of California, San Francisco researchers have used brain scans to predict how young children learn to read. The tactic ...

New Study Traces Abnormal Brain Development in Schizophrenia

September 16th, 2014
A new international study has determined that parts of the cerebral cortex develop differently in people with schizophrenia. The discovery stems from an assessment of brain development during childhood and adolescence in people with and without schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is generally considered to be a ...

Amount of Gray Matter May Impact Risk-Taking

September 15th, 2014
New research suggests the physical composition of the brain influences the individual tolerance of risk. Australian researchers used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to perform a whole-brain analysis and discovered the volume of the outer layer of our brain, or gray matter, is ...

Breathing-Based Meditation Helps Vets with PTSD

September 15th, 2014
A new study from the Center for Investigating Healthy Minds (CIHM) at the University of Wisconsin-Madison offers hope for those suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Researchers there have shown that a breathing-based meditation practice called Sudarshan Kriya Yoga can be an effective ...

‘Neural Workaround’ May Help Stave Off Dementia

September 14th, 2014
Researchers have discovered a “neural workaround” in the human brain that can compensate for the buildup of beta-amyloid, a destructive protein associated with Alzheimer's disease. According to researchers at the University of California-Berkeley, the findings could help explain why some people with beta-amyloid ...

Study Finds New Insights Into Chemical Imbalance in Schizophrenia

September 13th, 2014
Neurons in schizophrenia patients secrete greater amounts of dopamine, norepinephrine, and epinephrine -- three neurotransmitters commonly linked to a range of psychiatric disorders. The findings, published in the journal Stem Cell Reports, confirms and enhances the theory of a chemical basis for ...

Pilot Program Finds Early Autism Intervention Beneficial

September 10th, 2014
Provocative new research suggests treatment for autism during infancy can significantly reduce symptoms so that by age three, most who received the therapy had neither autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) nor developmental delay. Researchers from the University of California, Davis MIND Institute developed the ...