Neuropsychology and Neurology News

Research Fails to Support Mindfulness as Weight Loss Technique

December 12th, 2014
A new review finds that there is little documented evidence that mindfulness leads to weight loss. Ohio State University researchers analyzed 19 studies that promoted the effectiveness of mindfulness-based programs for weight loss. Although 13 of the studies documented weight loss among participants ...

Brain Inflammation Appears to Be Common in Autism

December 11th, 2014
In the brains of people with autism, microglial cells (a type of support cell) appear to be constantly activated, with genes for inflammation responses perpetually turned on, according to a new collaborative study by researchers at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and ...

Distracted to Learn?

December 10th, 2014
Surprising new research may rewrite learning theory as Brown University scientists contend that distractions do not necessarily impede the learning process of a motor task. Investigators discovered that if attention was as divided during recall of a motor task as it was during ...

Football Brain Injuries Require More Study

December 8th, 2014
The claim that playing football can result in lifelong damage to the brain may be premature. Reports have routinely linked aggression, violence, depression, and suicide with chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a neurodegenerative brain disease linked to playing football. But just how CTE and behavioral ...

Higher Birth Weight Linked to Better School Performance

December 7th, 2014
A new study has found that the higher a child’s weight at birth, the better that child performed on reading and math tests in school. According to researchers at the University of Florida and Northwestern University, this holds true throughout elementary school and ...

Brain Activity Just After Quitting Smoking May Predict Relapse

December 7th, 2014
Smokers who attempt to quit but end up relapsing within seven days exhibit specific disruptions in the brain’s working memory system during their time of smoking abstinence, according to a new study by Penn Medicine. This distinct neural activity -- mainly a decrease ...

Priming Brain Helps Memory

December 5th, 2014
New research using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) suggests that when the brain is forewarned about incoming information, memory is improved. As published online in the journal NeuroImage, Texas University of Dallas researchers showed that receiving information about a pair of items ...

Mouse Study Suggest Meds to Restore Natural High may Avert Chronic Marijuana Use

December 2nd, 2014
Development of a medication to replenish the supply of a molecule that normally activates cannabinoid receptors in the brain may be an answer to relieve mood and anxiety disorders. Vanderbilt researchers believe this effect would enable some people to quit using marijuana. In ...

Imaging Studies Differentiate PTSD & Mild Brain Injury

December 2nd, 2014
New research suggests advanced brain imaging techniques can help to differentiate military veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) from those with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). Currently, it is difficult for clinicians to make a definitive diagnosis as symptoms for PTSD and MTBI ...

Mice Study Suggests Cancer Drug May Combat Fragile X Autism

December 1st, 2014
New research suggests people affected by a common inherited form of autism may be helped by a drug that is being tested as a treatment for cancer. The most common genetic cause of autism spectrum disorders is Fragile X Syndrome, a condition that ...