Neuropsychology and Neurology News

Nerve Block Eases Worst PTSD in Vets

October 13th, 2014
A small pilot study demonstrated that a common anesthetic procedure significantly helped veterans suffering from chronic, extreme post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). As presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY™ 2014 annual meeting, researchers followed 12 patients with PTSD who had undergone a simple anesthetic procedure called ...

New Hypothesis Posits Autism as Disorder of Prediction

October 12th, 2014
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) neuroscientists have posed a new hypothesis for autism, suggesting that the disorder may be rooted in an impaired ability to predict events and other people’s actions. The researchers assert that, to an autistic child, the world appears to ...

Attention Requires Balanced Brain Activity

October 6th, 2014
Psychologists have made important discoveries into attention problems in schizophrenic individuals. Tobias Bast, Ph.D., and colleagues at Nottingham University in the U.K. explain that inhibitory signals between brain neurons are crucial for healthy brain activity. But disruptions to this inhibition can cause attention ...

Pain Words Problematic for Those in Pain

October 6th, 2014
A new study finds that words related to pain -- such as discomfort, agony, and misery -- attract more attention among those suffering from chronic pain. York University researchers used state-of-the-art eye-tracking technology to determine that people in pain look longer at pain-related words. “People ...

Seeing Double: Brain Blends Faces to Reduce Visual Chaos

October 6th, 2014
New research helps explain why we accept Hollywood stunt doubles as the identified actor, even when they do not look alike. University of California, Berkeley researchers have identified a unique brain mechanism by which we latch on to a particular face even when it changes. Investigators say ...

New Research Shows Yoga and Meditation Boost Brain Power

October 5th, 2014
A new study shows that people who practice yoga and meditation over the long term can learn to control a computer with their minds faster and better than people with little or no yoga or meditation experience. For their study, biomedical engineers at ...

Curiosity Primes Brain for Learning

October 5th, 2014
The more our curiosity is piqued, the easier all learning becomes within a certain period of time, according to new research published in the journal Neuron. The findings could highlight ways to enhance overall learning and memory in both healthy individuals and in ...

Mini-Stroke May Lead to PTSD

October 4th, 2014
Nearly one-third of patients who suffer a mini-stroke, also known as a transient ischemic attack (TIA), develop symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Those with PTSD were also more likely to experience depression, anxiety, and lower quality of life, according to researchers at ...

Does Parent-Child Bond Mirror That of Owner-Dog?

October 4th, 2014
Everyone knows someone who treats their dog like one of their children. But how closely does that relationship mirror the parent-child relationship? That’s the question researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital set out to answer with their newest study, published in the open-access journal ...

More than Meets the Eye in Making Judgments

October 4th, 2014
A new study has found that people make immediate judgments about images they are shown -- which could have an impact on their decisions -- even before their brains have had time to consciously process the information. The study shows it is possible ...