Cognition News

People Often Rely on ‘Blind Insight’ to Make Decisions

November 19th, 2014
New research shows that when people have to guess the answer to an unknown question, they tend to feel greater confidence about decisions that would later turn out correct and less confidence about those that turned out incorrect. The study, conducted by researchers ...

Musical Expertise Linked to Robust Long-Term Memory

November 19th, 2014
A study of professional musicians suggests musical expertise improves long-term memory and cognitive performance. In the research, scientists from the University of Texas at Arlington measured electrical activity of neurons in the brains of 14 musicians and 15 non-musicians. Dr. Heekyeong Park, assistant professor ...

Rat Study Suggests Oxycodone Can Cause Long-term Behavioral Changes

November 18th, 2014
New research using a rat model suggests even brief usage of the painkiller oxycodone may impair behavior in a person even after use of the medication ends. Investigators believe use of oxycodone may result in a “cognitive hangover” that can lead to enduring ...

Cookie Monster Helps Kids Learn Self-Control

November 17th, 2014
An innovative study has determined that watching the Sesame Street video featuring the Cookie Monster can help children improve their executive skills. Deborah Linebarger, an associate professor at the University of Iowa, discovered that when a group of preschoolers watched videos of ...

New Brain Disease ID’d With Similarities to Alzheimer’s

November 17th, 2014
Researchers have identified a disease that has similar symptoms as Alzheimer’s yet is biologically different. Investigators believe the ability to diagnose different forms of memory impairment will aid the development of effective treatments for brain diseases. The new neurological disease is called primary age-related ...

Using Sound to Enhance Deep Sleep, Memory

November 16th, 2014
Using sound that matches a person’s particular brain activity during sleep may be able to enhance that individual’s quality of deep sleep, and as a result, benefit metabolism and cognition, according to new research by a graduate student at Northwestern Medicine. “Sleep deprivation, ...

Exercise Shown to Benefit Parkinson’s Patients

November 15th, 2014
Regular exercise has been confirmed as an important part of Parkinson’s disease therapy, one that can enhance patients’ quality of life and slow disease progression, according to a new Northwestern Medicine study. “Regular exercisers at baseline were associated with better metrics of quality ...

Are Community Mental Providers Ready for Military Veterans?

November 14th, 2014
A new RAND Corporation study finds that most community-based mental health providers are not well prepared to take care of the special needs of military veterans and their families. The report was commissioned by United Health Foundation in collaboration with the Military Officers ...

Learning a New Language is an Excellent Mental Workout

November 14th, 2014
New research suggests learning a new language is a healthy mental challenge as brain networks are stimulated both structurally and functionally. Pennsylvania State researchers believe the brain improves with the correct amount of stress in a similar manner by which muscles improve with ...

Unrealistic View of Self Can Harm Teen Relationships

November 13th, 2014
New research finds that when adolescents believe they are better than their peers, the belief will probably cause relationship difficulties. These unrealistic views, a new study of eighth-graders finds, damage the child's relationship with others in the classroom: The more one student feels ...