Cognition News

Brain Uses Decision-Making Time to Create Confidence Rating

December 21st, 2014
When you need to make a choice but lack sufficient evidence for a solid decision, your brain calculates how much time has elapsed to give you a confidence rating of sorts, says a team of neuroscientists at New York University (NYU). Their ...

Tooth Loss Linked to Decline in Memory & Walking Speed

December 20th, 2014
A new study has found that the memory and walking speeds of adults who have lost all of their teeth decline more rapidly than in people who still have some of their own teeth. The study, published in the Journal of the American ...

Many Have No Clue About Their Math Ability

December 20th, 2014
There is more than one way to be good (or bad) at math, and many people tend to mislabel their abilities, say psychologists at Ohio State University. In a new study, they found that one-third of people who say they are “good at ...

Early Sensitive Caregiving Has Lasting Influence on Child’s Development

December 19th, 2014
Emerging research discovers sensitive caregiving in the first three years of life is a strong predictor of an individual’s future social competence and academic success. A new study -- designed to replicate an earlier study that showed early maternal sensitivity has lasting ...

Personality May Spur Educational Success More Than IQ

December 18th, 2014
While personality is widely believed to play a larger role in work success than intelligence, new research from Australia suggests the same holds true for education -- that personality rules. In the new study, Griffith University psychologist Dr. Arthur Poropat conducted a comprehensive review ...

Learning In Infancy Reaps Long-Term Benefits

December 17th, 2014
Developmental psychologists believe that talking to babies in their first year can provide learning benefits that are seen as much as five years later. Experts say the benefits are particularly associated with naming things in the infant’s world, as this can help the ...

Boosting Dementia Caregivers’ Mental Health

December 16th, 2014
People caring for relatives with dementia may benefit from a brief coping strategies therapy, new research suggests. There are more than 15 million family carers of people with dementia in the U.S. Clinical depression, anxiety, or other substantial psychological symptoms are common ...

Hepatitis C Ruled Out as Cause of Mental Impairment for Those With HIV

December 15th, 2014
Treatment advances for immunodeficiency virus (HIV) now allow people with the condition to live long and productive lives. As they age, however, many experience impaired thinking, memory loss, mood swings and other evidence of impaired mental function. Scientists are puzzled over why these changes ...

Prenatal Exposure to Household Chemicals May Reduce Kids’ IQ

December 15th, 2014
A new study finds that children exposed during pregnancy to elevated levels of two common household chemicals had a significantly lower IQ score than children exposed at lower levels. The chemicals, di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP) and di-isobutyl phthalate (DiBP) are found in a wide ...

Teaching Elderly to Use Social Media Improves Well-being

December 15th, 2014
A new landmark study from the UK finds that training older people in the use of social media has a myriad of benefits. Researchers found that proficiency in social media improves cognitive capacity, increases a sense of self-competence, and could have a ...