Brain and Behavior News

War Metaphors for Cancer Are Not Helpful

December 16th, 2014
The use of war metaphors such as “fight” and “battle” are commonly used to encourage and motivate patients with cancer. A new study, however, suggests that using those words can have an unintended negative effect. David Hauser, a University of Michigan doctoral student, and ...

Hepatitis C Ruled Out as Cause of Mental Impairment for Those With HIV

December 15th, 2014
Treatment advances for immunodeficiency virus (HIV) now allow people with the condition to live long and productive lives. As they age, however, many experience impaired thinking, memory loss, mood swings and other evidence of impaired mental function. Scientists are puzzled over why these changes ...

Prenatal Exposure to Household Chemicals May Reduce Kids’ IQ

December 15th, 2014
A new study finds that children exposed during pregnancy to elevated levels of two common household chemicals had a significantly lower IQ score than children exposed at lower levels. The chemicals, di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP) and di-isobutyl phthalate (DiBP) are found in a wide ...

Teaching Elderly to Use Social Media Improves Well-being

December 15th, 2014
A new landmark study from the UK finds that training older people in the use of social media has a myriad of benefits. Researchers found that proficiency in social media improves cognitive capacity, increases a sense of self-competence, and could have a ...

Poor Sleep Tied to Dementia Changes

December 14th, 2014
A new study has found that people who have sleep apnea or spend less time in deep sleep may be more likely to have changes in the brain associated with dementia. According to the study’s findings, people who don't have as much oxygen ...

Obese Kids’ Brains Respond More to Sugar

December 14th, 2014
A new study has discovered that the brains of obese children literally light up differently when tasting sugar. The study, led by researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, does not show a causal relationship between sugar hypersensitivity and ...

Nature, Nurture Both Figure Into Antisocial Behavior

December 13th, 2014
If you happen to carry a particular variant for one of three common genes (whether you carry just one or all three), you may be more likely to engage in antisocial behavior, but only if you were exposed to an abusive or ...

Memory Lapses Among Well-Educated May Signal Stroke Risk

December 13th, 2014
People with a high level of education who complain about memory lapses have a higher risk for stroke, according to new research. "Studies have shown how stroke causes memory complaints," said Arfan Ikram, M.D., associate professor of neuroepidemiology at Erasmus University Rotterdam in ...

Early Warning Signs of Cognitive Impairment Provide Opportunity to Act

December 12th, 2014
New research suggests indications of cognitive decline associated with aging may surface during midlife. Recognition of these warning signs may allow individuals to modify behavior and lower their risk of cognitive deficits later in life. As presented at American College of Neuropsychopharmacology annual ...

Work-Sleep Tradeoff Leads to Sleep Deficits

December 12th, 2014
New research suggest that later starting times for work or school may help to reduce chronic sleep loss. University of Pennsylvania investigators discovered paid work time is the primary waking activity exchanged for sleep. As such, chronic sleep loss potentially could be ...