Research News

Amount of Gray Matter May Impact Risk-Taking

September 15th, 2014
New research suggests the physical composition of the brain influences the individual tolerance of risk. Australian researchers used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to perform a whole-brain analysis and discovered the volume of the outer layer of our brain, or gray matter, is ...

Mindfulness Can Help Adults Overcome Childhood Trauma

September 15th, 2014
The first study to examine the relationship between childhood adversity, mindfulness, and health suggests adults who are mindful in the moment have better health. The finding is important as adults who were abused or neglected as children are known to have poorer health. Researchers ...

Breathing-Based Meditation Helps Vets with PTSD

September 15th, 2014
A new study from the Center for Investigating Healthy Minds (CIHM) at the University of Wisconsin-Madison offers hope for those suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Researchers there have shown that a breathing-based meditation practice called Sudarshan Kriya Yoga can be an effective ...

Walking or Cycling to Work Boosts Mental Well-Being

September 14th, 2014
Walking or cycling to work is better for people's mental health than driving to work, according to a new study. Research by health economists at the University of East Anglia (UEA) and the Centre for Diet and Activity Research (CEDAR) in the United ...

‘Neural Workaround’ May Help Stave Off Dementia

September 14th, 2014
Researchers have discovered a “neural workaround” in the human brain that can compensate for the buildup of beta-amyloid, a destructive protein associated with Alzheimer's disease. According to researchers at the University of California-Berkeley, the findings could help explain why some people with beta-amyloid ...

Elderly at Risk for PTSD Symptoms After Serious Fall

September 14th, 2014
Elderly people who have fallen down and suffered an injury may develop symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) within the next few days, according to a new study published in the journal General Hospital Psychiatry. The researchers found PTSD symptoms in 27 out ...

‘Fat Shaming’ Linked to Weight Gain, Not Weight Loss

September 14th, 2014
"Fat shaming" does not encourage weight loss in overweight adults; in fact, those who experience this type of discrimination tend to gain more weight, according to new research by University College London (UCL). In a four-year study of 2,944 UK adults, those who ...

Study Finds New Insights Into Chemical Imbalance in Schizophrenia

September 13th, 2014
Neurons in schizophrenia patients secrete greater amounts of dopamine, norepinephrine, and epinephrine -- three neurotransmitters commonly linked to a range of psychiatric disorders. The findings, published in the journal Stem Cell Reports, confirms and enhances the theory of a chemical basis for ...

Why Parents Shouldn’t Play Favorites

September 13th, 2014
New research from Brigham Young University shows that perceived preferential treatment of one child by parents can lead to alcohol, cigarette, and drug use by the less-favored children. That’s in families that aren’t very close to each other -- what researcher Alex Jensen, ...

Magic Mushrooms Can Help Longtime Smokers Quit

September 13th, 2014
Smokers who had previously experienced many failed attempts to quit the habit were finally able to do so after two or three doses of psilocybin -- the active ingredient in magic mushrooms -- during a cognitive behavioral therapy treatment program. The study ...