Research News

War Metaphors for Cancer Are Not Helpful

December 16th, 2014
The use of war metaphors such as “fight” and “battle” are commonly used to encourage and motivate patients with cancer. A new study, however, suggests that using those words can have an unintended negative effect. David Hauser, a University of Michigan doctoral student, and ...

Hepatitis C Ruled Out as Cause of Mental Impairment for Those With HIV

December 15th, 2014
Treatment advances for immunodeficiency virus (HIV) now allow people with the condition to live long and productive lives. As they age, however, many experience impaired thinking, memory loss, mood swings and other evidence of impaired mental function. Scientists are puzzled over why these changes ...

Soldiers with Mental Illness at High Suicide Risk in Year After Hospital Stay

December 15th, 2014
U.S. Army soldiers who have been admitted to the hospital with a psychiatric disorder are at far greater risk for attempting suicide during the first 12 months after the hospital discharge, according to new research by the Army Study to Assess Risk ...

Prenatal Exposure to Household Chemicals May Reduce Kids’ IQ

December 15th, 2014
A new study finds that children exposed during pregnancy to elevated levels of two common household chemicals had a significantly lower IQ score than children exposed at lower levels. The chemicals, di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP) and di-isobutyl phthalate (DiBP) are found in a wide ...

Teaching Elderly to Use Social Media Improves Well-being

December 15th, 2014
A new landmark study from the UK finds that training older people in the use of social media has a myriad of benefits. Researchers found that proficiency in social media improves cognitive capacity, increases a sense of self-competence, and could have a ...

Keeping Weight Off Requires Personalized, Innovative Approach

December 15th, 2014
The holiday season is supposed to be a time of joy, fellowship, and family -- but it is also a time when many people struggle with weight control. A new National Institutes of Health (NIH) report explains that weight loss and long-term weight control ...

Poor Sleep Tied to Dementia Changes

December 14th, 2014
A new study has found that people who have sleep apnea or spend less time in deep sleep may be more likely to have changes in the brain associated with dementia. According to the study’s findings, people who don't have as much oxygen ...

Youngest Bone Marrow Transplant Patients at Highest Risk of Cognitive Decline

December 14th, 2014
Toddlers who undergo total body irradiation in preparation for a bone marrow transplant are at higher risk for a decline in IQ, according to a new study. Researchers at  St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital tracked the IQ scores of 170 St. Jude patients ...

Obese Kids’ Brains Respond More to Sugar

December 14th, 2014
A new study has discovered that the brains of obese children literally light up differently when tasting sugar. The study, led by researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, does not show a causal relationship between sugar hypersensitivity and ...

E-Cigarettes Less Addictive Than Cigarettes

December 14th, 2014
For former tobacco smokers, e-cigarettes appear to be less addictive than regular cigarettes, and this could shed new light on the role that various nicotine delivery devices play on addiction, according to a new study published in the journal Nicotine & Tobacco ...