Research News

Retention in Elementary School Can Leave Lasting Scars

September 29th, 2014
A provocative new study suggest the practice of retaining children in primary grades may have unintended consequences. Student retention is when a child is "held back" from graduating to the next grade at the end of the school year. It's often done because ...

Study Points to Neural Basis for Social Deficits in ADHD Kids

September 29th, 2014
New research finds evidence of differences in brain function in kids with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) that may underlie problems recognizing emotion in facial expressions. Children with ADHD frequently exhibit inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. These behaviors may explain why they are often excluded from peer activities, according to ...

Lifelong Cycle Seen of Obesity, Poverty in Women

September 28th, 2014
Teen girls from poor families are at greater risk than boys for becoming overweight or obese, and, in turn, adult obesity results in further socioeconomic difficulties, suggesting a lifelong cycle, according to a new study from the University of Texas at Austin. The ...

Family-Based Therapy Preferred for Teen Anorexia

September 28th, 2014
A new study shows that family-based therapies are twice as effective as individual therapy at combating anorexia nervosa in teenagers. The study, which compares two different family-based therapies, adds to a growing body of evidence supporting the value of parents' involvement in anorexia ...

Coaching COPD Patients on Coping Helps Boost Quality of Life

September 28th, 2014
Coaching patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on how to manage stress, practice relaxation, and participate in light exercise can boost a patient's quality of life, improving both mental and physical health, according to a new study. About 15 million Americans have ...

Autism Linked to Low Iron Intake in Pregnancy

September 28th, 2014
Mothers of children with autism are far less likely to have taken iron supplements before and during their pregnancies than mothers of typically developing children, according to researcers.. The research is the first to examine the relationship between maternal iron intake and having a child ...

Women with PTSD at Greater Risk for Food Addiction

September 27th, 2014
Women with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are at greater risk for developing a food addiction, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Minnesota. In fact, women who show severe symptoms of PTSD are twice as likely to meet ...

Bariatric Surgery Doesn’t Lift Mood for Everyone

September 27th, 2014
While most severely obese people are much happier once they lose weight after bariatric surgery, this isn’t true for all patients, according to new research. In fact, based on the findings of their new study, researchers at the Yale University School of Medicine ...

FBI Study: Mass Shootings on the Rise

September 27th, 2014
"Active-shooting" incidents, such as deadly mass shootings, are on the rise in the United States. So public awareness of best practices is necessary, according to a new FBI study. An "active shooter" is defined as one or more individuals with a gun actively ...

Psychotherapy Beats Medication for Social Anxiety Disorder

September 27th, 2014
While antidepressants are the most commonly used treatment for social anxiety disorder, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is more effective and -- unlike medication -- can have lasting effects long after treatment has stopped, according to a new study. CBT is one of ...