Chemotherapy and radiation for the treatment of various malignancies often result in damage to mucus membranes. Patients suffer ulcerations, pain and an increase risk of infection. Palifermin (Kepivance) is approved for use to decrease the chances of developing severe mucositis or injury to the cells lining the mouth, as well as shorten the time of severe mucositis in patients with cancer. Up to now, it had not been known whether patients with impaired kidney function required any different dosing.
In a recent study published in the December issue of The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology by SAGE Publications, Dr. B. Gillespie and colleagues from Amgen Inc. in Thousand Oaks, CA, conducted a study that assessed the effects of renal function on the pharmacokinetics, safety and tolerability of palifermin after a single IV injection. The clinical trial consisted of 31 participants with varying degrees of renal function, from normal to end-stage renal disease requiring hemodialysis.
Each participant received a single dose of the drug, palifermin. Noone discontinued the study due to adverse events, although 26 subjects reported at least 1 adverse event, mild to moderate in severity which included fatigue and headaches. One subject, who had insulin-dependent diabetes, experienced a significant abnormal glucose level, however, this was not considered related to the study.
The authors concluded that ‘these findings indicate that a subject’s level of renal function does not appear to affect palifermin clearance or tolerability. Therefore, dose adjustment of palifermin is not indicated for patients with renal impairment.’
The article “Effect of Renal Function on the Pharmacokinetics of Palifermin” can be accessed at no-charge for a limited time at The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology’s web site at www.jclinpharm.org/cgi/reprihttp://1460.
About The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology (JCP)
For over 45 years, clinical pharmacologists, clinical and pharmaceutical researchers, drug development specialists, physicians, nurses, and other medical professionals have relied on The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology for original research, special reviews, commentaries, and case reports on all phases of drug development. One of the most highly cited journals in the field, it features up to-the-minute and pertinent clinical information about the safety, tolerability, efficacy, therapeutic applications, toxicology, and total evaluation of new and established drugs for humans. JCP is the official journal for the American College of Clinical Pharmacology. www.jclinpharm.org
SAGE Publications is a leading international publisher of journals, books, and electronic media for academic, educational, and professional markets. Since 1965, SAGE has helped inform and educate a global community of scholars, practitioners, researchers, and students spanning a wide range of subject areas including business, humanities, social sciences, and science, technology and medicine. A privately owned corporation, SAGE has principal offices in Los Angeles, London, New Delhi, and Singapore. www.sagepublications.com
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 21 Feb 2009
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