Conway, Ark. – December 15, 2006 - Social stigma and feeling lifeless and/or alienated from one's peers are some of the reasons why children and adolescents stop taking prescription stimulant medications used to treat attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a new study published in the Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing.
ADHD is a common neurobehavioral disorder, affecting 4.4 million children in the United States between the ages of 4 and 17. Following diagnosis, 56% are treated with prescription stimulant medications. According to the study, many stop using these medications even while they are still exhibiting symptoms of the disorder, despite research indicating these medications are effectively reducing hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention.
The study also found that while ADHD is a chronic disorder, none of the adolescents interviewed had received ongoing education about their condition. As college students, many used the medications irregularly, sometimes in doses exceeding the prescribed amount, and often at night – factors that may exacerbate the side effects.
Julie B. Meaux, PhD, RNC, lead author of the study, suggests that "dialogue between the child, parents and healthcare provider about the general effects, side effects and potential abuse of prescribed stimulant medications is essential," adding "careful administration of dosages, based on input from the child, is exceedingly important."
This study is published in the current issue of the Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing. Media wishing to receive a PDF of this article may contact firstname.lastname@example.org
Julie B. Meaux, PhD, RNC is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Nursing at University of Central Arkansas. She can be reached for questions at email@example.com.
The Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing bridges the gap between research and practice by publishing peer-reviewed reliable, clinically relevant, and readily applicable evidence. The journal integrates the best evidence with pediatric nurses' passion for achieving the best outcomes. For more information, please visit www.blackwellnursing.com/jspn.
Blackwell Publishing is the world's leading society publisher, partnering with 665 medical, academic, and professional societies. Blackwell publishes over 800 journals and has over 6,000 books in print. The company employs over 1,000 staff members in offices in the US, UK, Australia, China, Singapore, Denmark, Germany, and Japan. Blackwell's mission as an expert publisher is to create long-term partnerships with our clients that enhance learning, disseminate research, and improve the quality of professional practice. For more information on Blackwell Publishing, please visit www.blackwellpublishing.com or www.blackwell-synergy.com.
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 21 Feb 2009
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.