Los Angeles, Calif. – November 14, 2006 – Despite significant improvements in dialysis treatments, currently over 20% of the 350,000 maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients in the United States die each year. A study published in Hemodialysis International finds that this high mortality rate may be attributed to malnutrition.
MHD patients experience what has been termed the "obesity paradox," wherein obesity is associated with increased chance of survival. "A larger body fat mass as seen in obesity probably represents protective reserves that may mitigate the adverse effects of malnutrition in patients," according to Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh M.D., author of the study.
MHD patients tend to have a high degree of protein-energy malnutrition and inflammation. The combination of these two conditions, termed Kidney Disease Wasting (KDW), leads to increased risk of death. Conversely, it has been shown that an increase in protein intake yields the greatest survival in patients.
The study suggests that improved diet as well as appetite-stimulating agents may be a way to improve nutrition and, consequently, outcome in MHD patients. Understanding the factors that lead to KDW will be the key to improving survival in MHD patients, as well as in the 20 to 40 million Americans who exhibit similar risk-factor paradoxes such as those with chronic heart failure, AIDS, rheumatoid arthritis and malignancy.
This study is published in Hemodialysis International. Media who would like to receive a PDF of the study should contact: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh M.D., is Associate Professor of Medicine & Pediatrics and Director of Off-Campus Dialysis Expansion & Epidemiology at the UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA. He can be reached for questions and interviews at email@example.com.
Hemodialysis International is published quarterly and contains original papers on clinical and experimental topics related to dialysis in addition to the Annual Dialysis Conference supplement. This journal is a must-have for Nephrologists, Nurses and Technicians worldwide. The journal contains original articles, review articles, commentary and latest news to keep readers completely updated in the field of hemodialysis. Edited by international and multidisciplinary experts, Hemodialysis International disseminates critical information in the field. For more information visit: www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/hdi.
Blackwell Publishing is the world's leading society publisher, partnering with 665 academic and professional societies. Blackwell publishes over 800 journals and, to date has published more than 6,000 books, across a wide range of academic, medical, and professional subjects. For more information visit: www.blackwellpublishing.com
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