Dads want flexibility, not shorter working hours
Being a father has little effect on men's working patterns, in spite of the fact that they cut back their working hours for a short time after a new child is born, according to Economic and Social Research Council funded research at the University of Bristol. "There is no evidence that 'new,' involved fathers are adopting a 'female model' of parenthood, with part-time work and high levels of child care," says sociologist Dr Esther Dermott, who conducted the research.
The findings suggest that current policies to encourage work-life balance don't take account of how fathers want to adapt their routines to fit in with family life. "It seems that fathers don't want to work fewer hours," says Esther Dermott. "What professional men value most about their jobs is their ability to control their working hours so that they can leave early to go to school functions or parents' meetings - and this flexibility was also what other men most wanted."
The Bristol research was based on statistical analysis of two existing quantitative datasets. Further findings suggest that the focus on fatherhood as an influence of men's employment has been overplayed; fathers do not have shorter working hours than non-fathers, nor do they see this as a problem.
"Fatherhood is not a good predictor of the number of hours men work once other variables are taken into account," says Esther Dermott. "Hours of work are significantly related to age, form of economic activity, occupation, earnings and partner's working-time."
Data analysis showed that around a quarter of men wanted to work fewer hours: less than one per cent wanted to increase their hours and the remainder wished to maintain the status quo. These preferences did not change when the men became fathers. They did not want to work shorter - or longer - hours.
The research has implications for future measures to support better work-life balance among parents. It suggests that recent policies may simply not be what fathers want. Promoting employee-controlled forms of flexibility and offering pay-related paternity leave may prove more popular, the report says.
FOR FURTHER DETAILS CONTACT:
Dr Esther Dermott 0117-9545595/0117 928 8216 or 0117 9287777 [email protected] or Alexandra Saxon/Annika Howard at ESRC, on 01793-413032/413119
NOTES FOR EDITORS:
1. The research report The Effect of Fatherhood on Men's Patterns of Employment was funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC). Dr Esther Dermott is at the Department of Sociology at Bristol University.
2. The findings are based on secondary analysis on two existing datasets; the British Household Panel Study and the National Child Development Survey. The focus was specifically on men who live with their dependent children.
3. The ESRC is the UK's largest funding agency for research and postgraduate training relating to social and economic issues. It provides independent, high quality, relevant research to business, the public sector and Government. The ESRC total expenditure in 2005-06 was £135 million. At any time, the ESRC supports more than 4,000 researchers and postgraduate students in academic institutions and research policy institutes. More at http://www.esrcsocietytoday.ac.uk
4. ESRC Society Today offers free access to a broad range of social science research and presents it in a way that makes it easy to navigate and saves users valuable time. As well as bringing together all ESRC-funded research (formerly accessible via the Regard website) and key online resources such as the Social Science Information Gateway and the UK Data Archive, non-ESRC resources are included, for example the Office for National Statistics. The portal provides access to early findings and research summaries, as well as full texts and original datasets through integrated search facilities. More at http://www.esrcsocietytoday.ac.uk
5. The ESRC confirms the quality of its funded research by evaluating research projects through a process of peer review. This research was graded as 'good'.
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