Researchers develop and test prevention program for childhood obesity
The waistlines of children continue to grow, along with the concern about the problem. Two University of Cincinnati researchers are recruiting a school, parents and children in fighting obesity as they test a new prevention program in Meade County, Ky. After spending spring conducting focus groups with children and their parents, the 12-week program, geared toward 129 fifth-graders, will be launched at an elementary school in Brandenburg, Ky., when school begins this fall.
The obesity intervention program is the creation of Megan Canavera, a registered dietician and master's degree candidate in the program of health promotion and education, UC College of Education, Criminal Justice, and Human Services, and her advisor, Manoj Sharma, associate professor of health promotion and education.
The UC researchers are coordinating with the Brandenburg school's physical education teacher as they test the intervention program developed around four specific components:
Regular physical activity
Enforcing healthy eating habits, such as limiting portion size, cutting soft drink consumption and adding fruits and vegetables to the children's diet Cutting back on time watching TV Improving parent-child communication to reinforce behaviors that cut back on obesity
Canavera, a 24-year-old native of Brandenburg, Ky., says she chose Meade County because of its diversity, resulting from families based around the U.S. Army Armor Center in Ft. Knox, Ky.
"Typically, urban areas are the focus of this kind of programming," Sharma says, "but we chose this area because rural areas do not have a lot of health education programs and the need there is much greater.
"Part of the problem is that children are becoming more sedentary – they're doing less and less physical activity and spending more and more time in front of the television and their computers," Sharma says. "A very high percentage of people do not eat five or more daily servings of fruits and vegetables. We're consuming sugary, carbonated drinks and not getting enough water. It's not rocket science, all of these habits lead to obesity."
The University of Cincinnati researchers expect to report results of the study on the pilot obesity prevention program by March of next year. Funding for the study is supported by a $5,000 national award from the American Dietetic Association Foundation – the Ann A. Hertzler Award. The foundation called for proposals in 2006 to address the behavioral and social aspects of childhood obesity.
Sharma is also co-investigator with UC Assistant Professor Judy Murnan on a UC|21 Alignment Grant awarded by UC International to study behaviors to prevent obesity among primary school children in China, in a partnership with Beijing Normal University. He says the research will be comparing data from the American and Chinese obesity prevention programs.
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 21 Feb 2009
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