The report concludes that the government, specifically the Departments of Labor, Homeland Security and Justice, lack the authority, resources and will to police the H-1B program. To support this claim, the GAO found thousands of examples of H-1B applications that were approved despite obvious violations of the law contained in the clear language of the applications themselves.
In a statement released today, IEEE-USA President Dr. Ralph W. Wyndrum, Jr. said: "Even a casual glance at these applications would have revealed problems, but those in charge lacked the authority to spot these problems. Implementation of the H-1B program fails every test of the principles its advocates have asserted. Employers can and do give preference to H-1Bs over U.S. workers. Employers who choose to do so can easily manipulate the system to pay below-market wages. And the program accelerates the offshoring of high-skilled jobs by training people who then become our overseas competition. Bringing in the best and brightest and keeping them here should be the goal of the program, but the H-1B program now does not serve that purpose."
According to IEEE-USA, the GAO affirms what independent observers and the government already know: the H-1B program has little oversight, and statutory changes are necessary to ensure it serves the national interest. The program can be fixed, but only by Congress. The GAO shows that the key enforcement mechanism to prevent adverse effects on U.S. and foreign workers, the Labor Condition Application process, doesn't work. The GAO report also provides specific recommendations that should be implemented immediately, but the report does not go far enough to fix the H-1B program so that it functions as Congress intended.
Key GAO findings include:
The GAO also found many procedural and legal obstacles that prevent agencies from properly policing the program and from sharing information between them on violations. The report will be posted at http://www.gao.gov.
IEEE-USA President Wyndrum concluded: "Little in the report is new. Earlier reports by the GAO, Inspectors General at the Departments of Labor and Homeland Security, and the White House Office of Management and Budget, have repeatedly found similar problems over the past decade."
IEEE-USA urges Congress to heed the warnings contained in the new GAO report and act to correct the numerous flaws and deficiencies in the H-1B program before taking steps to expand a program that allows exploitation of foreign workers, disadvantages U.S. workers, and facilitates the transfer of American jobs and technologies overseas.
IEEE-USA advances the public good and promotes the careers and public-policy interests of more than 220,000 engineers, scientists and allied professionals who are U.S. members of the IEEE. IEEE-USA is part of the IEEE, the world's largest technical professional society with 360,000 members in 150 countries. For more information on IEEE-USA, go to http://www.ieeeusa.org.
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 21 Feb 2009
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