To reach their conclusions, the authors re-examined the results of 40 studies of nearly 3,000 children with an average age of two-and-a-half. The researchers used the same types of measures that assess children's relationships with their parents to assess the relationships formed between the children and the adults responsible for them in childcare facilities
The researchers found small but reliable associations between measures of child-mother, child-father, and child–care provider relationships, suggesting that different significant relationships with adults seem to bear some similar characteristics. However, they also found that these interaction characteristics were dependent on specific care provider, rather than being a generalizable form of attachment.
Other findings include:
"Given the growing evidence that relationships with care providers have an important impact on children's development, this study's findings help pinpoint the features of those relationships most likely to affect children's later behavioral and socio-emotional functioning in the most positive ways," said lead researcher Lieselotte Ahnert, professor for developmental psychology at the University of Applied Science in Magdeburg-Stendal and Free University of Berlin.
"In contrast to earlier concepts on childcare providers' functions, however, we should not see care providers in public care as mother substitutes, dealing sensitively with individual kids, but understand how they regulate groups of kids while providing a harmonic climate to play and learn."
Summarized from Child Development, Vol. 77, Issue 3, Security of Children's Relationships with Non-Parental Care Providers: A Meta-Analysis by Ahnert L (Free University of Berlin), Pinquart M (Friedrich –Schiller-University of Jena and Technical University of Dresden, and Lamb ME (University of Cambridge). Copyright 2006 The Society for Research in Child Development, Inc. All rights reserved.
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 21 Feb 2009
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