Protecting endangered species helps reduce poverty
New World Wildlife Fund study links protecting wildlife and improving human welfareSaving endangered species like pandas, gorillas and tigers helps reduce poverty and improve the lives of local communities, according to a new World Wildlife Fund report. Now as the eighth Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity opens today in Curitiba, Brazil, WWF urges the CBD and member governments to integrate species conservation work into efforts to alleviate poverty.
"Now's the time to recognize the strong connections between sustainable economic development, a healthy environment, and successful species conservation," said Ginette Hemley, vice president for species conservation, World Wildlife Fund. "WWF's new report provides clear evidence that when endangered species benefit, people also benefit."
By examining six projects in Africa, Latin America and Asia, the new report shows that WWF's work to save endangered wildlife helps eradicate poverty and hunger, as well as promote sustainable and fair development in rural areas.
"Problems that threaten species like the destruction of habitats and natural resources often contribute to poverty," said Hemley.
Conservation and sustainable management of species and their habitats means better protection of forest, freshwater and marine habitats. As a result, the rural poor who depend on these areas have more access to the goods and services they provide. Incomes increase and access to freshwater, health, education and women's rights often also improve.
According to the report, some ecotourism projects based on the observation of species in the wild--such as marine turtles, pandas and mountain gorillas--generate significant amounts of money for communities. Applying knowledge of species movements in and across habitats can help implement such sustainable land-use planning.
For example, in Tortuguero, Costa Rica, live turtles are worth more to the local economy than turtle meat and eggs ever were. The community strongly supports conservation measures to promote ecotourism, and both turtle and tourist numbers have climbed over the past 30 years.
Community forestry efforts in parts of Nepal have led to the restoration of vital habitat corridors for the survival of tiger populations living there. WWF is helping local people to manage and directly benefit from these forest resources. According to the report, groups of community forest users can earn $4,760 annually in a nation where the per capita income is roughly $250.
In the Indian village of Farida, a WWF awareness-raising program aimed at conserving the rare Ganges river dolphin helped the community to address critical basic needs such as clean water. After five years, the number of families below the poverty line significantly declined.
The report further shows that more than 60 percent of people living around Uganda's Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, which protects the habitat of the endangered mountain gorilla, feel they benefit economically and socially from the forests. Other examples show that, in China, illegal and damaging activities in forested panda reserves declined when communities gained alternative sources of income, such as farming and animal husbandries supported by WWF. In Namibia, the creation of conservancies, where communities are jointly managing their wildlife resources, has resulted in better wildlife management, increased wildlife populations, ecotourism development and increased profits in community-owned enterprises.
World Wildlife Fund is the largest conservation organization in the world. For 45 years, WWF has worked to save endangered species, protect endangered habitats, and address global threats such as deforestation, overfishing, and climate change. Known worldwide by its panda logo, WWF works in 100 countries on more than 2,000 conservation programs. WWF has 1.2 million members in the United States and nearly 5 million supporters worldwide. For more information on WWF, visit www.worldwildlife.org
NOTES TO EDITORS:
1. An abbreviated version of the report Species and People: Linked Futures and the full report can be downloaded from: http://worldwildlife.org/pubs/wwfmdgreport2006shortversion.pdf
2. The study shows that WWF species conservation field projects deliver on four of the eight UN Millennium Development Goals:
- Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
- Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women
- Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability
- Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development
3. The six case studies included in this report were taken from around the world to represent WWF's species conservation work globally, and to begin to quantify the contribution of species conservation to the MDGs. The report is based on new research and analysis using the Sustainable Livelihoods (SL) framework to assess field data and is supported by wide literature review.
The selected case studies are:
- Integrating sustainable livelihoods with tiger conservation in the Terai Arc Landscape, Nepal
- Wildlife Conservation - a viable strategy in Namibia's Rural Development Programme The National Community Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) Programme in Namibia is a joint venture between government, non-governmental agencies and local communities that operates under a collaborative framework of the Namibian Association of CBNRM Support Organisations (NACSO).
- Mountain Gorilla conservation contributes to local livelihoods around the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda The International Gorilla Conservation Programme (IGCP) is a collaboration of WWF, African Wildlife Foundation and Fauna and Flora International.
- Partnering to secure the future for people and pandas in the Minshan and Qinling Mountains, China
- Sea Turtle Conservation in Tortuguero, Costa Rica WWF's partner, the Caribbean Conservation Corporation (CCC) has undertaken sea turtle research and conservation efforts in Tortuguero since 1959. More information is available at http://www.cccturtle.org
- Conserving the Ganges River Dolphin and improving livelihoods in Uttar Pradesh, India
4. For more information on CBD COP8, go to WWF's special website: http://www.panda.org/about_wwf/what_we_do/policy/policy_and_events/cbd/index.cfm
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 30 Apr 2016
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.