The authors used data from 1992-1999. State welfare changes occurred in 1996. They specifically looked at mothers aged 16-44 who had 12 or fewer years of schooling. The women were split into two groups: women who were married and women who were never married. The study's results show that the percentage of women without health coverage was always higher in the never married group, but that gap increased after TANF was implemented. At some times, the children of mothers in both groups had identical rates of uninsurance. This occurred from 1992 until early 1997 and again from1998-2000. Then the gap widens to the detriment of those with single mothers. These trends suggest that welfare reform increased the rates of uninsurance among single, low-income mothers and children.
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John Cawley is an associate professor in the Department of Policy Analysis and Management at Cornell University. His primary field of research is health economics, including the economics of insurance. John has served on expert panels and advisory committees for the Institute of Medicine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Food and Drug Administration. Dr. Cawley is available for media questions and interviews.
Kosali Simon is an assistant professor in the Department of Policy Analysis and Management at Cornell University. She is also a Faculty Research Fellow of the National Bureau of Economic Research and a Research Associate of the Census Bureau. Kosali is a health economist whose main research focus is investigating the impact of state regulations to ease the availability of private and public health insurance for vulnerable populations (through state 'small-group' reforms, public health insurance expansions, and Medigap rate regulations) on health insurance, health and labor market outcomes. Professor Simon is available for media questions and interviews.
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