Earth-Moon observations from Venus Express


Earth and Moon system at about 3.5Mkm as seen by VIRTIS-M visible channel in true color format.Credits: ESA/VIRTIS team

A recent check of the VIRTIS imaging spectrometer during the Venus Express commissioning phase has allowed its first remote-sensing data to be acquired, using Earth and the Moon as a reference.

After a successful in-flight checkout of the spacecraft's systems in the first ten days of flight, the ESOC operations team is now verifying the health and functioning of all the Venus Express instruments. These observations were made as part of this checkout.

Of course the very large distance that Venus Express has travelled since its launch makes these images of limited interest to the general public, but to the scientific team it confirms the excellent operation of their instrument.

These images show Earth in real colours (left) and stretched false colours (right). South America is seen in green where, through the clouds, it is possible to distinguish (a) Argentina and (b) the Andes mountain chains. The sea is blue while the clouds have a reddish-yellowish tint. Credits: ESA

This gives them confidence of spectacular results when the spacecraft reaches Venus where similar measurements will be made hundreds times closer.

VIRTIS sees the Earth-Moon system

Only two weeks after the launch, VIRTIS, the Ultraviolet/Visible/Near-Infrared mapping spectrometer, has been able to make its first planetary observations, capturing the Earth-Moon system.

"The observations were made from 3.5 million kilometres away, with a phase angle of 65 degrees, meaning that 65% of the Earth's disk was illuminated by the Sun, providing observations of both the day and night sides of the Earth," explains Guiseppe Piccioni, one of the two Principal Investigators (PI).

These Earth observations will be used to test the instrument on a real planetary case, before Venus approach.

"A comparison of Venus spectra with Earth spectra with the same instrument will also be of interest for textbook illustration of the comparison between the two planets," explained Pierre Drossart, the other PI.

The Moon has also been observed, providing additional observations of particular interest for calibrating the intrument.

The VIRTIS instrument on Venus Express is a twin of the same instrument on Rosetta, and similar observations were sent back by Rosetta in March 2005, so comparisons of the two sets of observations will be very useful for calibration purposes. The VIRTIS instrument is led jointly by INAF-IASF, Rome, Italy, and Observatoire de Paris, France.

Source: Eurekalert & others

Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 21 Feb 2009
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