Archive for September, 2014

Study Probes Anorexia in Males

September 30th, 2014
New research suggests male anorexia is similar to female anorexia although the male disorder is associated with personality and gender identity issues. Although anorexia is traditionally associated with females, the disorder also occurs among boys and men. University of Montreal researchers embarked on a ...

After-School Exercise Can Aid Attention, Cognition in Preteens

September 30th, 2014
New research suggests an after-school physical activity program of moderate to intense exercise can improve seven, eight, and nine year-olds' attention span and cognitive abilities. For the study, researchers performed a nine-month-long, randomized controlled trial involving 221 prepubescent children. They found that those who ...

Self-Compassion Trumps Self-Esteem for Body Image

September 30th, 2014
Researchers have discovered that self-compassion can protect girls and young women from unhealthy weight-control practices and eating disorders. University of Waterloo investigators discovered women who accept and tolerate their imperfections appear to have a more positive body image despite their body mass index ...

Caffeine Beats Music for Driving Alertness

September 30th, 2014
For many, drowsiness or fatigue when behind the wheel is combated by drinking caffeinated beverages or by listening to music. New research evaluates which method, if either, can successfully combat driver fatigue. Human factors/ergonomics researchers ShiXu Liu, Shengji Yao, Ph.D., and Allan Spence, Ph.D., designed a ...

How Do You Make an Informed Choice About Breast Reconstruction?

September 29th, 2014
A new process borrowed from the business sector helps women evaluate alternatives for breast reconstruction, using a decision analysis technique. The approach helps surgeons and patients evaluate alternatives for breast reconstruction, leading to a good decision that reflects the woman's preferences and values. The special topic ...

Kids with Autism Inactive, Yet Similar Fitness Levels to Peers

September 29th, 2014
New research discovers that children with autism are more sedentary and inactive than their developing peers. Oregon State University investigators found that children with autism averaged 50 minutes less a day of moderate physical activity and 70 minutes more each day of ...

Retention in Elementary School Can Leave Lasting Scars

September 29th, 2014
A provocative new study suggest the practice of retaining children in primary grades may have unintended consequences. Student retention is when a child is "held back" from graduating to the next grade at the end of the school year. It's often done because ...

Study Points to Neural Basis for Social Deficits in ADHD Kids

September 29th, 2014
New research finds evidence of differences in brain function in kids with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) that may underlie problems recognizing emotion in facial expressions. Children with ADHD frequently exhibit inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. These behaviors may explain why they are often excluded from peer activities, according to ...

Lifelong Cycle Seen of Obesity, Poverty in Women

September 28th, 2014
Teen girls from poor families are at greater risk than boys for becoming overweight or obese, and, in turn, adult obesity results in further socioeconomic difficulties, suggesting a lifelong cycle, according to a new study from the University of Texas at Austin. The ...

Family-Based Therapy Preferred for Teen Anorexia

September 28th, 2014
A new study shows that family-based therapies are twice as effective as individual therapy at combating anorexia nervosa in teenagers. The study, which compares two different family-based therapies, adds to a growing body of evidence supporting the value of parents' involvement in anorexia ...
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