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Humor Can Aid Memory in Seniors

By Senior News Editor
Reviewed by John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on April 29, 2014

Humor Can Aid Memory in SeniorsHumor may indeed be the best medicine, especially for older folks. Researchers at Loma Linda University in California have found that laughing can reduce levels of stress hormones and improve memory in seniors.

Recent research has shown that the stress hormone cortisol damages certain neurons in the brain and can negatively affect memory and learning ability in the elderly.

The study examined cortisol’s relationship to memory and whether humor and laughter — a well-known stress reliever — can help lessen the damage that cortisol can cause. Researchers showed a 20-minute laugh-inducing funny video to a group of healthy elderly individuals and a group of elderly people with diabetes.

The groups were then asked to complete a memory assessment that measured their learning, recall, and sight recognition. Their performance was compared to a control group of elderly people who also completed the memory assessment, but were not shown a funny video.

Cortisol concentrations for both groups were also recorded at the beginning and end of the experiment.

The research team found a significant decrease in cortisol concentrations among both groups who watched the video.

Video-watchers also showed greater improvement in all areas of the memory assessment when compared to controls, with the diabetic group seeing the most dramatic benefit in cortisol level changes and the healthy elderly seeing the most significant changes in memory test scores.

“Our research findings offer potential clinical and rehabilitative benefits that can be applied to wellness programs for the elderly,” said Gurinder Singh Bains, M.D., lead researcher and a Ph.D. student in rehabilitation sciences.

“The cognitive components — learning ability and delayed recall — become more challenging as we age and are essential to older adults for an improved quality of life: mind, body, and spirit.

“Although older adults have age-related memory deficits, complimentary, enjoyable, and beneficial humor therapies need to be implemented for these individuals.”

Study co-author Lee Berk, Ph.D, added, “It’s simple, the less stress you have the better your memory. Humor reduces detrimental stress hormones like cortisol that decrease memory hippocampal neurons, lowers your blood pressure, and increases blood flow and your mood state.

“The act of laughter — or simply enjoying some humor — increases the release of endorphins and dopamine in the brain, which provides a sense of pleasure and reward. These positive and beneficial neurochemical changes, in turn, make the immune system function better.

“There are even changes in brain wave activity towards what’s called the ‘gamma wave band frequency,’ which also amp up memory and recall. So, indeed, laughter is turning out to be not only a good medicine, but also a memory enhancer adding to our quality of life.”

Source: Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB)/ScienceDaily
 
Elderly woman laughing photo by shutterstock.

 

APA Reference
Nauert, R. (2014). Humor Can Aid Memory in Seniors. Psych Central. Retrieved on September 2, 2014, from http://psychcentral.com/news/2014/04/29/humor-can-aid-memory-in-seniors/69144.html