In an article titled “Not Hardwired: The Complex Neurobiology of Sex Differences in Violence” — available free on the journal website — Dr. Debra Niehoff describes how interconnected neural networks, multiple genes, and chemical signals such as hormones and neurotransmitters can be modified by environmental factors and influenced behavior.
Brain structure, function, and connectivity can all differ between men and women, affecting how they may change on exposure to stressful or abusive triggers.
Niehoff explains the interaction of how brains, genetics, and environmental influences can interact and serve as the genesis for violent behavior.
“This holistic view of the origin of violence means that reducing violence will not be a simple fix because it does not have a single origin or cause,” says Mary Ellen O’Toole, Ph.D., the editor of Violence and Gender. “The temptation to compare a male and female brain must be resisted because there is overlap between the two.”
Researchers believe additional investigations will provide greater insight and knowledge about the biological and environmental causes of violence.
With more knowledge will come answers; answers will lead to solutions, and with solutions will come prevention.
Source: Mary Ann Liebert